year 5, Issue 4 (Winter 2017)                   Ann. Appl. Sport Sci 2017, 5(4): 77-84 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


1- Assistant Professor Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran , jabar.seifpanahi@yahoo.com
2- Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
Abstract:   (1055 Views)
Background. Today, success in international and championship sports comes with various benefits because of a sense of national pride, economic profitability, as well as diplomacy.
Objectives. The aim of this study is to identify and analyse factors that are effective in promoting the national teams of Iran.
Methods. This study used a mixed method and data was collected through desk studies, interviews, and questionnaires. The study population consisted of managers, coaches and players of the national team as well as academics in the field of sports science. Sampling was at the purposeful stage, and 12 interviews were conducted until reaching a theoretical saturation. At the stage of distributing questionnaires, 384 participants were randomly selected using Cochran's formula. Factors affecting improvement of the national team were identified after desk studies and semi-structured interviews. Ultimately, these factors helped form a questionnaire and after confirming its validity by 12 experts and reliability by Cronbach's alpha test, with reliability coefficient 0.94, the questionnaires were distributed to the samples so that the importance of these factors is determined in the promotion of national teams.
Results. In desk studies and interviews with experts, 20 factors affecting the promotion of national teams were identified. Analysis of the data was obtained by the questionnaire by binomial test that showed that the effect of 16 factors out of the 20 is significantly higher than the average. Friedman's test results also showed that the main factors affecting the promotion of national teams include talent find, base teams, financial resources, coaches, facilities and equipment, procurement competition, and management stability.
Conclusion. Planning on the factors can contribute to the promotion of national teams.
Full-Text [PDF 434 kb]   (188 Downloads)    
 
 
APPLICABLE REMARKS
• Best talent identification techniques can be designed. In this context, leading nations in the field of talent identification can be modeled, including the US and Russia.
• Basic teams should be formed by talents in different age groups, this will, in addition to fostering talent; provide the conditions for having powerful national teams.
• The government should allocate more resources to sports federations, and the federations themselves must also use from the huge industry of sport to generate revenue.
• The use of foreign elite coaches in national teams will transfer their experience and knowledge to domestic coaches, as was the use of foreign elite coaches as one of the most important factors in the development of Iranian football and volleyball.
• Modern sports facility and equipment should be provided for national teams. In cases where there is no vehicle or tool for training or competition inside the country, it should be purchased from other countries.
• In order to compete with the first world countries, the coordination of domestic federations is necessary. For this purpose the multidisciplinary sports tournament, in which weaker national teams sit together with stronger national teams, it will be very useful.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Management and its related branches
Received: 2017/05/2 | Accepted: 2017/07/20 | Published: 2018/02/4

References
1. Mozaffari AA, Elahi AR, Abbasi S, Ahadpur H, Rezayi Z. Developing Strategies For Athletic Sports In Iran. Sport Management Review. 2012;(4)13:33–48 [article in farsi].
2. Hosseini SS, Hamidi M, Ghorbanian Rajabi A, Sajjadi SN. Identification of Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats for Talent Identification in Iran Championship Sport and Its Bottlenecks and Challenges. Journal of Sport Management. 2013;5(2):29–54 [article in farsi].
3. Truyens J, De Bosscher V, Heyndels B, Westerbeek H. A resource-based perspective on countries' competitive advantage in elite athletics. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics. 2014;6(3):459–89. [DOI:10.1080/19406940.2013.839954]
4. Brouwers J, Sotiriadou P, De Bosscher V. Sport-specific policies and factors that influence international success: The case of tennis. Sport Management Review. 2015;18(3):343–58. [DOI:10.1016/j.smr.2014.10.003]
5. De Bosscher V, De Knop P, Van Bottenburg M, Shibli S, Bingham J. Explaining international sporting success: An international comparison of elite sport systems and policies in six countries. Sport Management Review. 2009;12(3):113–36. [DOI:10.1016/j.smr.2009.01.001]
6. Sotiriadou KP, Shilbury D. Australian elite athlete development: An organisational perspective. Sport Management Review. 2009;12(3):137–48. [DOI:10.1016/j.smr.2009.01.002]
7. Alidoust Ghahfarokhi E, Sajjadi SN, Mahmoudi A, Sa'atchian V. The Evaluation of Development Priorities and Strategies of Judo Championship in Iran. Journal of Sport Management. 2014;6(2):231–46 [article in farsi].
8. Tondnevis F, Ghasemi MH. The Comparative Study Of Gymnastics Championship Progressive Approach In Iran From Athletes, Coaches And Expert's Point Of View. Olympic. 2008;15(4):17–29 [article in farsi].
9. Farahani A, Abdavi F. To Consider And Compare Facilities And Equipments In Championship Sports Centers And Their Utilization In Centers Of Provinces. Harakat. 2006; 29: 69–83 [article in farsi].
10. Gilbertson DW. Transformational Leadership In Australasian Sports Organisations. New Zeal Innov Compet Proj Victoria Univ Wellingt. 2000;65–81.
11. De Bosscher V, De Knop P, Van Bottenburg M, Shibli S. A conceptual framework for analysing sports policy factors leading to international sporting success. European Sport Management Quarterly . 2006;6(2):185–215. [DOI:10.1080/16184740600955087]
12. Tucker N. Going for gold: New Zealand women's elite rugby sevens in a new Olympic-era: a thesis submitted for the degree of Master of Sport and Exericse at Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand. Massey University; 2015. p. Doctoral dissertation, Massey University.
13. Eydipour K, Khazaei AL, Aryan E, Golami Torkslooye S. Challenges and barriers to the development of football in the west country. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management in Sport Studies. 2015;2(5):51–58 [article in farsi].
14. Monazami M, Alam SH, Boushehri N. The Identification of Effective Factors in the Development of Women's Physical Education and Sport in Islamic Republic of Iran. Journal of Sport Management. 2011;3(10): 151-168 [article in farsi].
15. Amirtash MA. Development Of Team Handball As An Athletic Sport From The Male University Athletes And Trainer Stand Point. Journal of Movement Science & Sports. 2008;6(11):97–109 [article in farsi].
16. Javadi Pour M, Samie Nia M. Explanation of strategic position and presentation of development strategy in sport for all in iran. Management of Sport and Movement Sciences. 2013;3(5):15-28 [article in farsi].
17. Phillips P, Newland B. Emergent models of sport development and delivery: The case of triathlon in Australia and the US. Sport Management Review. 2014;17(2):107–20. [DOI:10.1016/j.smr.2013.07.001]
18. Balyi I, Way R, Higgs C. Long-term athlete development. Human Kinetics; 2013.
19. Amorose AJ, Anderson-Butcher D. Autonomy-supportive coaching and self-determined motivation in high school and college athletes: A test of self-determination theory. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 2007;8(5):654–70. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychsport.2006.11.003]
20. Norozi Seyed Hoseini R, Kozehchiyan H, Ehsani M, Feizeasgari S, Norozi Seyed Hoseini E. The Relationship between Autonomy – Supportive Behaviours of Coaches and Sport Commitment of Iranian Elite Fencing Players. Journal of Sport Management. 2012;4(14): 139-159 [article in farsi].
21. Monazami AH, Soukhtezari S, Hadadi F, Rostaminejad M, Goudarzi M, Ashrafihafez A. The codification of criteria for selecting national Volleyball coaches. Journal of Applied Researche of Sport Management and Biology. 2013;2(6):109-118 [article in farsi].
22. Ghahreman Tabrizi K, Rahimi I, Razavi SMJ. Identification and Prioritization of Barriers to the Development of Swimming in Kerman Province According to Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). Journal of Sport Management. 2017;9(1):113–128 [article in farsi].
23. Fereidouni HG, Foroughi B, Tajaddini R, Najdi Y. Sport facilities and sporting success in Iran: The Resource Curse Hypothesis. Journal of Policy Modeling. 2015;37(6):1005–18. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpolmod.2015.05.003]
24. Salimi M, Soltanhosseini M, Padash D, Khalili E. Prioritization of the factors effecting privatization in sport clubs: with AHP & TOPSIS methods-emphasis in football. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences. 2012;2(2):102–114.
25. Fairley S, Snyder K, Kellett P, Hill B. When professional athletes change sports: Sport development, sanctity of contract, and restraint of trade in the NRL. Sport Management Review. 2013;16(1):111–9. [DOI:10.1016/j.smr.2011.12.001]
26. Audas R, Dobson S, Goddard J. The impact of managerial change on team performance in professional sports. Journal of Economics and Business. 2002;54(6):633–50. [DOI:10.1016/S0148-6195(02)00120-0]
27. Ferkins L, Shilbury D. Developing board strategic capability in sport organisations: The national–regional governing relationship. Sport Management Review. 2010;13(3):235–54. [DOI:10.1016/j.smr.2010.01.009]
28. Seifpanahi J, Goudarzi M, Hamidi m, Khatibi A. The Design and Codification of the Development Strategy of Championship Sports in Kurdistan Province. Journal of Sport Management. 2011;3(8):57–73 [article in farsi].