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1- Assistant Professor Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran ,
2- Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
Abstract:   (716 Views)
Background. Today, success in international and championship sports comes with various benefits because of a sense of national pride, economic profitability, as well as diplomacy.
Objectives. The aim of this study is to identify and analyse factors that are effective in promoting the national teams of Iran.
Methods. This study used a mixed method and data was collected through desk studies, interviews, and questionnaires. The study population consisted of managers, coaches and players of the national team as well as academics in the field of sports science. Sampling was at the purposeful stage, and 12 interviews were conducted until reaching a theoretical saturation. At the stage of distributing questionnaires, 384 participants were randomly selected using Cochran's formula. Factors affecting improvement of the national team were identified after desk studies and semi-structured interviews. Ultimately, these factors helped form a questionnaire and after confirming its validity by 12 experts and reliability by Cronbach's alpha test, with reliability coefficient 0.94, the questionnaires were distributed to the samples so that the importance of these factors is determined in the promotion of national teams.
Results. In desk studies and interviews with experts, 20 factors affecting the promotion of national teams were identified. Analysis of the data was obtained by the questionnaire by binomial test that showed that the effect of 16 factors out of the 20 is significantly higher than the average. Friedman's test results also showed that the main factors affecting the promotion of national teams include talent find, base teams, financial resources, coaches, facilities and equipment, procurement competition, and management stability.
Conclusion. Planning on the factors can contribute to the promotion of national teams.
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• Best talent identification techniques can be designed. In this context, leading nations in the field of talent identification can be modeled, including the US and Russia.
• Basic teams should be formed by talents in different age groups, this will, in addition to fostering talent; provide the conditions for having powerful national teams.
• The government should allocate more resources to sports federations, and the federations themselves must also use from the huge industry of sport to generate revenue.
• The use of foreign elite coaches in national teams will transfer their experience and knowledge to domestic coaches, as was the use of foreign elite coaches as one of the most important factors in the development of Iranian football and volleyball.
• Modern sports facility and equipment should be provided for national teams. In cases where there is no vehicle or tool for training or competition inside the country, it should be purchased from other countries.
• In order to compete with the first world countries, the coordination of domestic federations is necessary. For this purpose the multidisciplinary sports tournament, in which weaker national teams sit together with stronger national teams, it will be very useful.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Management and its related branches
Received: 2017/05/2 | Accepted: 2017/07/20 | Published: 2018/02/4