year 7, Issue 1 (Spring 2019)                   2019, 7(1): 83-95 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Saadatifard E, Javadipour M, Honari H, Saffari M, Zareian H. The Context of Recreational Sports for Women in Iran. Annals of Applied Sport Science. 2019; 7 (1) :83-95
URL: http://aassjournal.com/article-1-685-en.html
1- Department of Sport Management, Sport Sciences Research Institute, Tehran, Iran , Saadatifard2020@gmail.com
2- Faculty of Psychology and Education, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
3- Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran
4- Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
5- Department of Sport Management, Sport Sciences Research Institute, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1138 Views)
Background. Given the importance of women and their role in society, women's recreational sports are considered as one of the major issues in the fields of sports and leisure.
Objectives. This qualitative study, which was conducted using an exploratory approach, aims to determine the contextual conditions of Iranian women's recreational sports.
Methods. The statistical population of the research consisted of all the experts who had practical and scientific expertise in the fields of recreational sports and women's sports is conducted with a method and was selected using Purposive Sampling and Snowball method. Data collection tools included interviews and note-taking processes. After conducting 17 interviews (with 16 elites and 1 Canon group), the researcher reached theoretical saturation and after the data collection procedure, the data was analyzed using MAXQDA10 software and Qualitative Content Analysis.
Results. 1254 initial codes or open codes were extracted after the analysis. To further categorize the data, the codes and raw data were constantly compared based on the similarities and differences, and similar codes were placed under the same category. The initial categorization of codes yielded 51 sub-categories which were further categorized into 22 categories in the next step. The obtained concepts were divided into eight major categories (in stage of selective coding) which consisted of socio-cultural, fundamentals of Islam, political, economic, geographical environments and macro-management, media and advertisement, and sports facility issues.
Conclusion. Considering the importance of recreational sports in women, a proper understanding of the context of recreational sports can help the sport managers to apply appropriate strategies to develop it and compensate for its backwardness.
Full-Text [PDF 638 kb]   (200 Downloads)    
 
 
APPLICABLE REMARKS
  • Drafting a by-law for the national division of labor in order to divide labor among sports organizations”, “facilitating sports fields in accordance with different age groups”, “designing supportive laws and providing subsidies for women and women's sports”, “promoting the culture of recreational sports and showing women's sports news and events through audiovisual media, particularly television, and advertising women's sports in public places (media, parks, city buses, etc).

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Management and its related branches
Received: 2018/08/30 | Accepted: 2018/10/6 | ePublished ahead of print: 2019/01/11 | Published: 2019/01/17

References
1. Torkildsen G. Torkildsen's sport and leisure management: Routledge; 2012.
2. O'Sullivan E. Power, promise, potential, and possibilities of parks, recreation, and leisure. Introduction to recreation and leisure. 2006:3-16.
3. Ross C. Recreational sport management. Introduction to recreation and leisure. 2006:271-88.
4. Carr K, Smith K, Weir P, Horton S. Sport, Physical Activity, and Aging: Are We on the Right Track? Sport and Physical Activity across the Lifespan: Springer; 2018. p. 317-46.
5. Swann C, Telenta J, Draper G, Liddle S, Fogarty A, Hurley D, et al. Youth sport as a context for supporting mental health: Adolescent male perspectives. Psychology of sport and exercise. 2018;35:55-64. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.11.008]
6. Anaza E, McDowell J. An investigation of constraints restricting urban Nigerian women from participating in recreational sport activities. Journal of Leisure Research. 2013;45(3):324-44. [DOI:10.18666/jlr-2013-v45-i3-3154]
7. Al-Eisa ES, Al-Sobayel HI. Physical activity and health beliefs among Saudi women. Journal of nutrition and metabolism. 2012;2012.
8. Huang H, Humphreys BR. Sports participation and happiness: Evidence from US microdata. Journal of economic Psychology. 2012;33(4):776-93. [DOI:10.1016/j.joep.2012.02.007]
9. Barnett F, Spinks WL. Exercise self-efficacy of postmenopausal women resident in the tropics. Maturitas. 2007;58(1):1-6. [DOI:10.1016/j.maturitas.2007.04.003] [PMID]
10. Gollschewski S, Kitto S, Anderson D, Lyons-Wall P. Women's perceptions and beliefs about the use of complementary and alternative medicines during menopause. Complementary therapies in medicine. 2008;16(3):163-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.ctim.2007.06.001] [PMID]
11. Mutmani A, Hemmati A, Moradi H. Identifying and prioritizing obstacles facing women in sports activities. Sports Management Studies Journal. 2014(24):111-30.
12. Nategh A, Malek A, Sadegh H, Davoud A. Women Physical Activity and its Effective Factors Using a Social-Ecological Model. Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research. 2017.
13. Mu-iz C, Rodríguez P, Suárez MJ. Sports and cultural habits by gender: An application using count data models. Economic Modelling. 2014;36:288-97. [DOI:10.1016/j.econmod.2013.09.053]
14. Toffoletti K, Palmer C. New approaches for studies of Muslim women and sport. International Review for the Sociology of Sport. 2017;52(2):146-63. [DOI:10.1177/1012690215589326]
15. El Gilany A, Badawi K, El Khawaga G, Awadalla N. Physical activity profile of students in Mansoura University, Egypt. 2011.
16. Corbin J, Strauss A. Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory. 2008.
17. Denzin NK, Lincoln YS. Handbook of qualitative research: Sage publications, inc; 1994. [PMID]
18. Neergaard MA, Olesen F, Andersen RS, Sondergaard J. Qualitative description–the poor cousin of health research? BMC medical research methodology. 2009;9(1):52. [DOI:10.1186/1471-2288-9-52] [PMID] [PMCID]
19. mirghafoori sha, Sayyadi Touranlou H, Mirfakhreddini SH. The Analysis of Factors Affecting Women's Participation in Sport (Female Students of Yazd University). Journal of Sport Management. 2009;1(1):83-100.
20. Sawrikar P, Muir K. myth of a 'fair go': Barriers to sport and recreational participation among Indian and other ethnic minority women in Australia. Sport Management Review 2010;13:355-67. [DOI:10.1016/j.smr.2010.01.005]
21. Atghya N. Needs Assessment of Different Groups of Iranian Women in General Sports Research in Sport Sciences. 2007;17(5):15-31.
22. Lenneis V, Pfister G. When girls have no opportunities and women have neither time nor energy: the participation of Muslim female cleaners in recreational physical activity. Sport in Society. 2017;20(9):1203-22. [DOI:10.1080/17430437.2016.1269085]
23. al-Kulayni MiYq. Al-Kāfī. ghom: daroalhadis; 2008. 47 p.
24. Cheah Y. Influence of socio-demographic factors on physical activity participation in a sample of adults in Penang, Malaysia. Malaysian journal of nutrition. 2011;17(3). [PMID]
25. Brownson RC, Baker EA, Housemann RA, Brennan LK, Bacak SJ. Environmental and policy determinants of physical activity in the United States. American journal of public health. 2001;91(12):1995-2003. [DOI:10.2105/AJPH.91.12.1995] [PMID] [PMCID]
26. Eime RM, Charity MJ, Harvey JT, Payne WR. Participation in sport and physical activity: associations with socio-economic status and geographical remoteness. BMC public health. 2015;15(1):434. [DOI:10.1186/s12889-015-1796-0] [PMID] [PMCID]
27. England S. The framework for sport in England: Making England an active and successful sporting nation: A vision for 2020: Sport England; 2004.
28. Safari m, Ghareh Ma. Identification and Classification of Effective Environmental Factors in Popularity of Recreational Sports in Iran. Journal of Sport Management. 2016;8(1):51-68.
29. Solbraa AK, Anderssen SA, Holme IM, Kolle E, Hansen BH, Ashe MC. The built environment correlates of objectively measured physical activity in Norwegian adults: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Sport and Health Science. 2018;7(1):19-26. [DOI:10.1016/j.jshs.2017.11.002] [PMID] [PMCID]
30. Miles A, Rapoport L, Wardle J, Afuape T, Duman M. Using the mass-media to target obesity: an analysis of the characteristics and reported behaviour change of participants in the BBC'sFighting Fat, Fighting Fit'campaign. Health Education Research. 2001;16(3):357-72. [DOI:10.1093/her/16.3.357] [PMID]
31. Vann P. Changing the game: The role of social media in overcoming old media's attention deficit toward women's sport. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media. 2014;58(3):438-55. [DOI:10.1080/08838151.2014.935850]
32. Cooky C, Messner MA, Musto M. "It's dude time!" A quarter century of excluding women's sports in televised news and highlight shows. Communication & Sport. 2015;3(3):261-87. [DOI:10.1177/2167479515588761]
33. Wanneberg PL. The sexualization of sport: A gender analysis of Swedish elite sport from 1967 to the present day. European Journal of Women's Studies. 2011;18(3):265-78. [DOI:10.1177/1350506811406075]
34. Romero E, Pereira EGB, Miragaya AMdF, Sant'Anna KBS. Mulheres na imprensa esportiva: imagens e palavras. Salusvita. 2014;33(3).
35. Hallman K, editor Individual and infrastructural determinants of participation in different sports. 19th Conference of the European Association for Sport Management Dostupno na:[ http://www.easm2009.com/]; 2011.
36. Wicker P, Breuer C, Pawlowski T. Promoting sport for all to age-specific target groups: the impact of sport infrastructure. European sport management quarterly. 2009;9(2):103-18. [DOI:10.1080/16184740802571377]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2017 All Rights Reserved | Annals of Applied Sport Science

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb