year 11, Issue 4 (Winter 2023)                   Ann Appl Sport Sci 2023, 11(4): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page


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1- Department of Physical Education, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia , nanikindahwati@unesa.ac.id
2- Postgraduate School of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia
Abstract:   (1070 Views)
Background. The low participation of women in sports will remain a problem if a more comprehensive formula is not sought. Whereas the level of participation is correlated with the health and psychological well-being of women.
Objectives. This study aimed to develop a theory that explains the simultaneous relations, both directly and indirectly, between socioeconomic variables, physical literacy, physical health, and psychological well-being in women.
Methods. As participants were adolescent to elderly women, aged 16-64 years ±32.7 a total of 408 people were in the Surabaya area and its surroundings. Data was collected using questionnaires and scales covering socioeconomic dimensions, physical literacy, health, and psychological well-being. Data were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling.
Results. The results showed that the theoretical model which included 4 latent variables and 17 manifest variables was coherent and corresponded with empirical data with RMSEA= 0.08, Chi-square= 3.79, GFI= 0.988, AGFI= 0.984, PGFI= 0.730, and NFI= 0.976. Physical literacy as an exogenous latent variable is contributed by three manifest variables with lambda (λ) of 0.60-0.81. Socioeconomic as an exogenous latent variable is contributed by two manifest variables with λ of 0.42 and 0.79. Meanwhile, physical health as an endogenous latent variable is contributed by six manifest variables with λ of 0.63-0.83. Meanwhile, psychological well-being as an endogenous latent variable is contributed by six manifest variables with λ of 0.25-0.84. The physical health variable influences the psychological well-being variable with a beta (β) of 0.30.
Conclusion. The findings of this study suggest that our theoretical model, which explores the structural relationship between socioeconomic variables, physical literacy, physical health, and psychological well-being, is both coherent and supported by empirical evidence.
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APPLICABLE REMARKS
• Physical literacy is an important variable in explaining women's participation in sports. Therefore, more serious, systematic, and collaborative efforts need to be made to increase physical literacy in women's groups.
• Socioeconomic variables are not correlated with physical literacy in women. Therefore, promotive and preventive efforts to increase women's participation in sports do not need to consider socioeconomic factors. This means that sports activities need to have campaigned at all levels of society regardless of socioeconomic background.
• Physical health as a result of sports activities has been shown to have a direct effect on women's psychological well-being. Therefore, sports activities can be an alternative solution for women in maintaining and improving their mental health.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Psychology and its Related Branches
Received: 2023/03/6 | Accepted: 2023/05/10

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