year 9, Issue 1 (Spring 2021)                   Ann Appl Sport Sci 2021, 9(1): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Atefineya N, Badami R, Porter J M. The Developmental Experiences of Expert Athletes in Sports with Different Levels of Risk. Ann Appl Sport Sci 2021; 9 (1)
1- Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
2- Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran ,
3- Department of Kinesiology, Recreation, and Sport Studies, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, State of Tennessee, USA
Abstract:   (2426 Views)
Background. Recent research has proposed that environmental factors affect the development of expertise.
Objectives. The present study aimed to compare the history of training activities amongst expert athletes of different sport disciplines regarding the level of risk.
Methods. Participants included 187 athletes from six sports disciplines, which were allocated to "low-risk," "medium risk," or "high-risk" groups based on the level of physical risk placed on the participating athletes. Participants completed a developmental history of athletes questionnaire.
Results. Findings revealed a significant difference amongst groups in terms of the mean age of beginning the sport (p < 0.001). Additionally, there was no significant difference between the total hours of deliberate practice and physical preparation amongst the three groups (p > 0.05). However, the low-risk group had an enormous amount of deliberate practice (p < 0.001) and physical preparation activities (p = 0.002) in the 6 to 12-year age band, and the medium-risk and high-risk sports groups had an enormous amount of deliberate practice (p = 0.01) and physical preparation activities (p = 0.003) in the age band of above 16 years.
Conclusion. The present study provides useful information on the expertise acquisition process in different sport disciplines regarding the amount of practice relative to risk level.
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  • Coaches explain to athletes the importance of psychological skills in achieving high levels of performance.
  • Coaches should note that the age of beginning a sport depends on the type of sports being practiced.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Motor Control and its Related Branches
Received: 2020/03/24 | Accepted: 2020/07/21

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