year 7, Issue 3 (Autumn 2019)                   Ann Appl Sport Sci 2019, 7(3): 41-48 | Back to browse issues page

DOI: 10.29252/aassjournal.726

XML Print

1- Department of Physical Education and Spore Science, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran ,
2- Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad Branch, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract:   (875 Views)
Background. Fair distribution of sports facilities is very effective in the tendency of citizens to exercise. Therefore, the distribution of sports and recreational facilities in cities should be carefully and scientifically explored.
Objectives. The purpose of this study was analytical review of fair distribution of recreational and sport services in the city of Mashhad by using Topsis model.
Methods. The present research is a descriptive-analytical research, which is applied type that has been surveyed data collection. The statistical population of this research is the referrals of sports halls under the supervision of the Sports and Youth Organization of Mashhad, and Mashhad municipality and their totalnumber is 25,000 and according to the Morgan table, 341 people were selected from the Sports and Youth Organization sport halls and 347 from the halls under the supervision of the municipality were selected as the statistical sample. The data gathering tool is a researcher-made questionnaire that measures fair distribution. The validity of the research tool was verified by ten sports management professors and its reliability was calculated by Cronbach's alpha of 0.785 and indicates a high reliability of the research tool. Topsis method was used to analyze the data.
Results. The research findings showed that in Mashhad, in addition to building sites, regardless of the fair distribution of urban areas, facilities were also unfairly distributed (Zone 1 ranked 0.9995 and Zone 6 ranked 0.8226.
Conclusion. In order to develop and expand the city of Mashhad, there is a strong need for proper decision making and fair implementation of urban projects and the equitable deployment of sports equipment in Mashhad, as well as fair distribution of them in the 13 areas of Mashhad.
Full-Text [PDF 520 kb]   (298 Downloads)    
The results of the research show that the deprived areas of Mashhad have weaker sports and recreational facilities. Therefore, fair investment is needed for the deprived areas of the city of Mashhad, especially the 5th and 6th areas. It is also necessary to upgrade the facilities in the sports halls of these urban areas. Also, with the presence of experiented coaches with appropriate equipment, will also enhanced the level of the quality of the existing salons in deprived areas.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Management and its related branches
Received: 2018/12/27 | Accepted: 2019/05/1 | Published: 2019/08/12

1. Hallmann K, Wicker P, Breuer C, Schüttoff U. Interdependency of sport supply and sport demand in German metropolitan and medium-sized municipalities - findings from multi-level analyses. Eur J Sport Soc. 2016;8(1-2):65-84. [DOI:10.1080/16138171.2011.11687870]
2. McGrath LJ, Hopkins WG, Hinckson EA. Associations of objectively measured built-environment attributes with youth moderate-vigorous physical activity: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Med. 2015;45(6):841-865. [DOI:10.1007/s40279-015-0301-3] [PMID]
3. Poggio L, Vrscaj B. A GIS-based human health risk assessment for urban green space planning--an example from Grugliasco (Italy). Sci Total Environ. 2009;407(23):5961-5970. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.08.026 pmid: 19767058 [DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.08.026] [PMID]
4. Wolfslehner B, Vacik H, Lexer MJ. Application of the analytic network process in multi-criteria analysis of sustainable forest management. Forest Ecol Manage. 2005;207(1-2):157-170. [DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2004.10.025]
5. Vidal R, Sánchez-Pantoja N. Method based on life cycle assessment and TOPSIS to integrate environmental award criteria into green public procurement. Sustain Cities Soc. 2019;44:465-474. [DOI:10.1016/j.scs.2018.10.011]
6. Oh K, Jeong S. Assessing the spatial distribution of urban parks using GIS. Landscape Urban Plan. 2007;82(1-2):25-32. [DOI:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.01.014]
7. Duc TT, editor Using GIS and AHP technique for land-use suitability analysis. International symposium on geoinformatics for spatial infrastructure development in earth and allied sciences;2006: Citeseer.
8. Lin T-Y, Sakuno S. The Coming Super Aged Society: Exploring Management of Community Sport Clubs. 2015:31-46. [DOI:10.1007/978-4-431-55324-3_3]
9. Cleland V, Ball K, Hume C, Timperio A, King AC, Crawford D. Individual, social and environmental correlates of physical activity among women living in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods. Soc Sci Med. 2010;70(12):2011-2018. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.02.028 pmid: 2036238010. Bunds KS, Kanters MA, Venditti RA, Rajagopalan N, Casper JM, Carlton TA. Organized youth sports and commuting behavior: The environmental impact of decentralized community sport facilities. Transport Res Part D Transport Environ. 2018;65:387-395. [DOI:10.1016/j.trd.2018.08.017]
10. Kelly B, King L, Bauman AE, Baur LA, Macniven R, Chapman K, et al. Identifying important and feasible policies and actions for health at community sports clubs: a consensus-generating approach. J Sci Med Sport. 2014;17(1):61-66. [DOI:10.1016/j.jsams.2013.02.011] [PMID]
11. Patrick ISC, Mahony DF, Petrosko JM. Distributive Justice in Intercollegiate Athletics: AnExamination of Equality, Revenue Production, and Need. J Sport Manage. 2008;22(2):165-183. [DOI:10.1123/jsm.22.2.165]
12. Brown G, Schebella MF, Weber D. Using participatory GIS to measure physical activity and urban park benefits. Landscape Urban Plan. 2014;121:34-44. [DOI:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2013.09.006]
13. Wicker P, Hallmann K, Breuer C. Analyzing the impact of sport infrastructure on sport participation using geo-coded data: Evidence from multi-level models. Sport Manage Rev. 2013;16(1):54-67. [DOI:10.1016/j.smr.2012.05.001]
14. Higgs G, Langford M, Norman P. Accessibility to sport facilities in Wales: A GIS-based analysis of socio-economic variations in provision. Geoforum. 2015;62:105-120. [DOI:10.1016/j.geoforum.2015.04.010]
15. Vandermeerschen H, Scheerder J. Sport managers' perspectives on poverty and sport: The role of local sport authorities. Sport Manage Rev. 2017;20(5):510-521. [DOI:10.1016/j.smr.2017.02.002]
16. Kumar H, Manoli AE, Hodgkinson IR, Downward P. Sport participation: From policy, through facilities, to users' health, well-being, and social capital. Sport Manage Rev. 2018;21(5):549-562. [DOI:10.1016/j.smr.2018.01.002]
17. Fereidouni HG, Foroughi B, Tajaddini R, Najdi Y. Sport facilities and sporting success in Iran: The Resource Curse Hypothesis. J Pol Mod. 2015;37(6):1005-1018. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpolmod.2015.05.003]
18. Seifried C, Clopton AW. An alternative view of public subsidy and sport facilities through social anchor theory. City Cult Soc. 2013;4(1):49-55. [DOI:10.1016/j.ccs.2013.01.001]
19. Behzadian M, Khanmohammadi Otaghsara S, Yazdani M, Ignatius J. A state-of the-art survey of TOPSIS applications. Exp Syst Appl. 2012;39(17):13051-13069. [DOI:10.1016/j.eswa.2012.05.056]
20. Pitts BG, Shapiro DR. People with disabilities and sport: An exploration of topic inclusion in sport management. J Hosp Leisure Sport Tourism Educ. 2017;21:33-45. [DOI:10.1016/j.jhlste.2017.06.003]