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1- Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education and Spore Science, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran ,
2- Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad Branch, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract:   (46 Views)
Background. Fair distribution of sports facilities is very effective in the tendency of citizens to exercise. Therefore, the distribution of sports and recreational facilities in cities should be carefully and scientifically explored. Objectives.The purpose of this study was analytical review of fair distribution of recreational and sport services in the city of Mashhad by using Topsis model. Methods. The present research is a descriptive-analytical research, which is applied type that has been surveyed data collection. The statistical population of this research is the referrals of sports halls under the supervision of the Sports and Youth Organization of Mashhad, and Mashhad municipality and their totalnumber is 25,000 and according to the Morgan table, 341 people were selected from the Sports and Youth Organization sport halls and 347 from the halls under the supervision of the municipality were selected as the statistical sample. The data gathering tool is a researcher-made questionnaire that measures fair distribution. The validity of the research tool was verified by ten sports management professors and its reliability was calculated by Cronbach's alpha of 0.785 and indicates a high reliability of the research tool. Topsis method was used to analyze the data. Results. The research findings showed that in Mashhad, in addition to building sites, regardless of the fair distribution of urban areas, facilities were also unfairly distributed (Zone 1 ranked 0.9995 and Zone 6 ranked 0.8226. Conclusion. In order to develop and expand the city of Mashhad, there is a strong need for proper decision making and fair implementation of urban projects and the equitable deployment of sports equipment in Mashhad, as well as fair distribution of them in the 13 areas of Mashhad.
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The results of the research show that the deprived areas of Mashhad have weaker sports and recreational facilities. Therefore, fair investment is needed for the deprived areas of the city of Mashhad, especially the 5th and 6th areas. It is also necessary to upgrade the facilities in the sports halls of these urban areas. Also, with the presence of experiented coaches with appropriate equipment, will also enhanced the level of the quality of the existing salons in deprived areas.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Physiology and its related branches
Received: 2018/12/27 | Accepted: 2019/06/10 | ePublished ahead of print: 2019/06/10

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