year 10, Issue 1 (Spring 2022)                   Ann Appl Sport Sci 2022, 10(1): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Kapelman A E, Kızılet A, Bozdogan T. The Effect of Game Strategies on the Physiological, Physical, and Technical Loads of Soccer Players. Ann Appl Sport Sci. 2022; 10 (1)
1- Faculty of Sport, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey ,
2- Faculty of Sport, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey
Abstract:   (1233 Views)
Background. The study aims to determine position-specific loads by different tactical strategies. Eighty Turkish Super League U21 players (19.35 ± 1.6 years, 179.4 ± 2.3 cm, 75.6 ± 4.1 kg; M ± SD) were involved in this study.
Objectives. The players completed eight different 11v11 training games. While one team practiced the ball possession and “defense as a team” strategy, the other team implemented the counterattacking strategy.
Methods. The formation was kept as “4-2-3-1”. The games were played for 2x20 minutes by using two-thirds of the field. Blood lactate, heart rate, ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), and physical and technical performance were analyzed. Compared to tactical strategy, player load (PL) values were found to be different in all positions (P<0.05).
Results. The position-specific loads of wingbacks, wingers, and strikers are the positions affected mainly by the strategy. Center-backs demonstrated low values in physical and physiological loads; however, their PL values caused fatigue. Players’ high-intensity running and sprint numbers are highly correlated with PL values (P<0.05).
Conclusion. In conclusion, the present study demonstrates the effectiveness of tactical strategy on the position-specific load. Therefore, coaches should consider the game strategy to select the accurate player for the position and specify their training plan.
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  • From this aspect, the requirements of each position were separately examined.
  • Acceleration-based physical fatigue should be considered for CB, faster center-back players with higher quality and technique of passing for BP strategy, and center-back players with a higher rate of a win in the man-to-man competition for CA strategy.
  • For the WNG players, the physical and physiological load on the players is higher in CA strategy, and from the technical aspect, these players with a higher rate of ball regaining and being capable of decreasing man by running a distance with a ball in the open area are believed to play a more critical role thanks to the CA strategy.
  • The high number of MC players’ positive passing in the BP strategy highlights the importance of players’ passing quality in this strategy.
  • Moreover, the significant difference between the numbers of ball regaining emphasizes the importance of MC players’ ability to regain the ball, in contrast with the back and center-back players.
  • Among the WNG players, the physical and physiological loads vary significantly because of the strong effect of strategy.
  • Since the WNG players can tolerate, the loads mentioned above, the player selection and the training design are essential.
  • Moreover, the increase in the number of shots, which is the most critical factor affecting the score in the CA strategy, should be considered in planning the training aiming to improve the capacity of players who play in this field to finalize the action.
  • Several fundamental factors such as regaining the ball and quality of passing should be considered while selecting the wing players suitable for the BP game.
  • For the ST position, the effect of strategy for the specified parameters is at the highest level.
  • In the CA strategy, the physical and technical qualifications such as running distance in large areas and decreasing man should be combined with high-quality shots.
  • In the BP game, the most prominent qualification is the ability to pass, pressure-based ball regaining, and shooting.
  • In both strategies, the finalization capability of ST players should be improved as for WNG players.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Physiology and its related branches
Received: 2021/05/6 | Accepted: 2021/07/29 | Published: 2022/03/19 | ePublished: 2022/03/19

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