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1- Department of Sport Science, Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia , norhazira@fsskj.upsi.edu.my
2- Department of Sport Science, Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
3- Department of Coaching Sciences, Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
4- Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medical Science, Newcastle University Medicine Malaysia, Malaysia
5- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Tennessee State University, Nashville, USA
Abstract:   (67 Views)
Background. In the wake of the COVID-19 global pandemic, the implementation of social restrictions has disrupted daily life routines, including physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior, and academic motivation for undergraduates. The interaction between the changes in PA and academic motivation has not been studied deeply.
Objectives. The present study aims to determine the PA level and academic motivation during the restriction movement during the COVID-19 pandemic and to identify the correlation between PA influence and students’ academic motivation.
Methods. One hundred and five participants (male, n= 38 and female, n=67) aged between 22-and 26 years old of the Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia, participated in the study. The PA levels were evaluated using International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ-SF), and the students’ motivation was evaluated using the eMpowerment, Usefulness, Success, Interest, and Caring (MUSIC) Model of Academic Motivation Inventory.
Results. The findings showed gender differences between males and females with higher mean values for times per week for vigorous, moderate, and light intensity PA. Both genders displayed the highest rates on Caring (female=5.42, male=5.34), followed by Success (female=5.23, male=5.22) and Usefulness (female=3.96, male=3.92). The lowest motivation was rated on eMpowerment (female=3.42, male=3.30) and Interest (female=3.85, male 3.84). A significant difference was found between males and females in their rate of both eMpowerment and Caring subscales. The Pearson test demonstrated a strong correlation between PA (measured by IPAQ-SF) and academic motivation (accessed by MUSIC inventory) among students during the COVID-19 pandemic (r=0.912), suggesting that the reduction of total PA had a profound impact on the academic motivation among undergraduates.
Conclusion. They maintained that PA as routine is a key strategy for physical and mental health, specifically academic motivation during a forced rest period such as the current COVID-19 lockdown.
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APPLICABLE REMARKS
  • Since this global health crisis will likely continue into 2023, there is critical to consider the interactions between lockdown situations during the COVID-19 pandemic and PA levels/activities across the days or weeks in adolescents.
  • PA interventions among students should also aim to improve cognitive functions related to cognitive flexibility and intrinsic academic motivation. With a view to future similar research, it would be exciting and add value to measuring behavior modification by using different instruments and expanding the target populations, thus increasing the connection between behavior, academic motivation, and PA practice.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Physical Education Learning
Received: 2021/11/27 | Accepted: 2022/02/15

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