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1- Sport Performance and Physical Fitness Research Group UIRFIDE, University of Valencia, Carrer de Gascó Oliag, 3, 46010, Valencia, Spain. Physical Education and Sports Department, University of Valencia, Carrer de Gascó Oliag, 3, 46010, Valencia, Spain
2- Sport Performance and Physical Fitness Research Group UIRFIDE, University of Valencia, Carrer de Gascó Oliag, 3, 46010, Valencia, Spain. Physical Education and Sports Department, University of Valencia, Carrer de Gascó Oliag, 3, 46010, Valencia, Spain. Education and Specific Didactics Department, Jaume I University, Av. Vicent Sos Baynat, s/n 12071, Castellon, Spain , pmonteag@uji.es
Abstract:   (445 Views)
Background. Musicians’ sympathetic arousal needed to deal with an extraordinary event (e.g., a demanding concert) can become a neurophysiological alteration known as Musical Performance Anxiety, an important health problem.
Objectives. This study aimed to find whether high-intensity interval training (HIIT) might reduce the anxiety in musicians after acute training.
Methods. Ten young wind instrument musicians (23.00 ± 4.88 years; 78.86 ± 11.46 kg) performed two concerts in one week. Forty-eight hours after the first concert, they underwent a magnetic roller training session to get tested and familiarized, and again 48 hours later, they conducted 2-to-4 bouts of 30-second all-out workout, interspersed with 4 minutes of recovery, between the two concerts. Self-reporting methods (STAI, CSAI-2R) and physiological methods (Heart Rate Variability) were used to test anxiety reduction.
Results. Pre-post exercise comparisons revealed a significant reduction (p < 0.05) in both questionnaires. Regarding heart rate variability, Friedman Anova tests revealed also significant differences in Low Frequency (LF; p < 0.05), Low Frequency/High Frequency ratio (LFHF; p < 0.01), Root Mean Square of successive normal R-R intervals (RMSSD; p = 0.01), Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (DFA1; p < 0.01) and Sample Entropy (SampEn; p < 0.01) after HIIT.
Conclusion. After the training, the HRV indices’ improvement could confirm the hypothesis of parasympathetic reactivation and a better vagal balance as much in the last moment as during the performance. Acute high-intensity exercise may be an efficient solution in the short term for the anxiety problems that musicians suffer in their intense careers.
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APPLICABLE REMARKS
  • This study confirms the vital role of exercise in mental health.
  • High-intensity training could be a new method to reduce cognitive and physiological symptoms of anxiety in musicians.
  • Sports scientists should be deep in this new field of work, helping professional musicians to increase their physical and mental health.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Psychology and its Related Branches
Received: 2021/12/17 | Accepted: 2022/02/20

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