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1- Exercise and Sports Science Unit, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia ,
2- Exercise and Sports Science Unit, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
Abstract:   (128 Views)
Background. Imagery ability is one of the most potent factors influencing imagery effectiveness. Therefore, prior to imagery training, it is important to assess the participant’s imagery ability, typically using a self-report questionnaire.
Objectives. This study examined the factorial validity and internal consistency of the Malaysian adapted SIAQ using confirmatory factor analysis and Cronbach’s alpha.
Methods. The questionnaire was administered online to 193 participants (101 men and 92 women) with a mean age of 22.06 ± 3.72. The data were normalized, and four models were tested (model 1: data with square root transformation for values above the threshold; model 2: data with logarithm transformation for values above the threshold; model 3: data with values above threshold were logarithm transformed and values that were almost reaching the threshold (Item_4 and Item_12) were transformed by square root; and model 4: data with values above and reaching the threshold were logarithm transformed).
Results. The result of factorial analysis for model 2 revealed a good model fit (X^2=184.76, df=80, p<0.00, X^2/df=2.31, CFI=0.94, TLI=0.92, SRMR=0.05, and RMSEA=0.08) for the five-factor model structure implicating a good factorial validity. Furthermore, all path loadings exceeding 0.50 indicated good convergent validity of the subscales. Moreover, alpha coefficients range from 0.77 to 0.85 (0.85 for skill, 0.77 for strategy, 0.84 for goal, 0.77 for affect, and 0.78 for mastery).
Conclusion. It is concluded that SIAQ-M possesses acceptable factorial validity and internal consistency and can measure imagery ability among Malaysian athletes.
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  • This finding could provide knowledge to the coaches and athletes on the various imagery functions and employ this validated psychological tool to assess athletes’ imagery ability which is essential for imagery training, especially among Malaysian athletes.
  • This tool could provide the coaches with their athletes’ imagery ability. The higher the ability, the more beneficial the imagery training would be. Therefore, realizing the current imagery ability could drive the coaches to tailor specific training accordingly.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Psychology and its Related Branches
Received: 2022/01/16 | Accepted: 2022/03/6

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