Articles In Press / Online First                   Back to the articles list | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

1- Health and Recreation Physical Education Study Program, Faculty of Sports and Health Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Jl. Dr. Setiabudhi 229 Bandung Indonesia ,
2- Health and Recreation Physical Education Study Program, Faculty of Sports and Health Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Jl. Dr. Setiabudhi 229 Bandung Indonesia
3- Sports Coaching Education Study Program, Faculty of Sport and Health Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia.
Abstract:   (69 Views)
Background. Physical education learning in the era of the COVID-19 pandemic has a remarkable impact on students’ creativity.
Objectives. This study aims to determine the effect of applying the inquiry and discovery models in online physical education learning to develop high school students’ creativity.
Methods. The multiple treatment and control with the pre and post-test procedure were used, while the samples were second-grade students in physical education learning of Senior High School in Bandung, consisting of 3 groups with 30 members each selected using random cluster sampling. The sample consists of 2 experimental and one control group. Experimental groups 1 and 2 received the inquiry and discovery learning model, respectively, while the control group received the conventional for 16 meetings each. Data collection was carried out by filling out a creativity questionnaire through a Google form before and after treatment.
Results. The inquiry model has no difference in the average value of creativity compared to the discovery model's class (p=0.066). In contrast, the inquiry and discovery models have a different average creativity value than the class using the conventional/control model (p=0.001).
Conclusions. There is no difference in increasing creativity between the inquiry and discovery models. Although the results of the Bonferroni test showed no difference in the mean value of invention in the inquiry model and the discovery model, when compared to the control group, the inquiry model was more effective.
Full-Text [PDF 331 kb]   (34 Downloads)    
  • The information obtained in this study can be used as a reference to develop students’ creative potential in learning physical education during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Furthermore, the results obtained can be helpful for Physical Education teachers and the government carry out physical education learning activities with inquiry and discovery learning models during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Physical Education Learning
Received: 2022/02/20 | Accepted: 2021/04/28

1. Cortázar C, Nussbaum M, Harcha J, Alvares D, López F, Goñi J. Promoting critical thinking in an online, project-based course. Comput Human Behav. 2021;119. [DOI:10.1016/j.chb.2021.106705]
2. Antonini Philippe R, Schiavio A, Biasutti M. Adaptation and destabilization of interpersonal relationships in sport and music during the Covid-19 lockdown. Heliyon. 2020;6(10):e05212. [DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e05212] [PMID] [PMCID]
3. Rasmitadila A, R. R., Rachmadtullah R, Samsudin A, Syaodih E, Nurtanto M. The perceptions of primary school teachers of online learning during the covid-19 pandemic period: A case study in Indonesia. J Ethn Cult Stud. 2020;7(2):90-109. [DOI:10.29333/ejecs/388]
4. Brady AK, Pradhan D. Learning without Borders: Asynchronous and Distance Learning in the Age of COVID-19 and Beyond. ATS Sch. 2020;1(3):233-242. [DOI:10.34197/ats-scholar.2020-0046PS] [PMID] [PMCID]
5. Richardson C, Mishra P. Learning environments that support student creativity: Developing the SCALE. Think Ski Creat. 2018;27:45-54. [DOI:10.1016/j.tsc.2017.11.004]
6. Suardana IN, Selamet K, Sudiatmika AAIAR, Sarini P, Devi NLPL. Guided inquiry learning model effectiveness in improving students' creative thinking skills in science learning. J Phys Conf Ser. 2019;1317(1):6-13. [DOI:10.1088/1742-6596/1317/1/012215]
7. Kadir L, Satriawati, G. The implementation of open-inquiry approach to improve students' learning activities, responses, and mathematical creative thinking skills. J Math Educ. 2017;8(1):103-114. [DOI:10.22342/jme.8.1.3406.103-114]
8. Suwandari S, Ibrahim M, Widodo W. Application of Discovery Learning to Train the Creative Thinking Skills of Elementary School Student. Int J Innov Sci Res Technol. 2019;4(12):410-417.
9. Syolendra DF, Laksono EW. The effect of discovery learning on students' integrated thinking abilities and creative attitudes. J Phys Conf Ser. 2019;1156(1). [DOI:10.1088/1742-6596/1156/1/012018]
10. Østergaard LD. Inquiry-based Learning Approach in Physical Education: Stimulating and Engaging Students in Physical and Cognitive Learning. J Phys Educ Recreat Danc. 2016;87(2):7-14. [DOI:10.1080/07303084.2015.1119076]
11. Ramdhani MR, Usodo B, Subanti S. Discovery Learning with Scientific Approach on Geometry. J Phys Conf Ser. 2017;895(1). [DOI:10.1088/1742-6596/895/1/012033]
12. Simonton KL, Layne TE, Irwin CC. Project-based learning and its potential in physical education: an instructional model inquiry. Curric Stud Heal Phys Educ. 2021;12(1):36-52. [DOI:10.1080/25742981.2020.1862683]
13. Thomas D. Cook DTCWRS. Review of Experimental and Quasi-experimental Designs for Generalized Causal Inference. Eval Program Plann. 2004;27(2):173-185. [DOI:10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2004.01.006]
14. Creswell JW, Creswell JD. Mixed Methods Procedures. Research Defign: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed M ethods Approaches.2018.
15. Guilford JP. Measurement and Creativity. Theory Pract. 1966;5(4):185-189. [DOI:10.1080/00405846609542023]
16. Munandar U. Pengembangan Kreativitas Anak Berbakat. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta2016.
17. Konstantinidou E, Gregoriadis A, Grammatikopoulos V, Michalopoulou M. Primary physical education perspective on creativity: The nature of creativity and creativity fostering classroom environment. Early Child Dev Care. 2014;184(5):766-782. [DOI:10.1080/03004430.2013.818989]
18. Rodriguez G, Perez N, Nunez G, Banos JE, Carrio M. Developing creative and research skills through an open and interprofessional inquiry-based learning course. BMC Med Educ. 2019;19(1):134. [DOI:10.1186/s12909-019-1563-5] [PMID] [PMCID]
19. Razali H, A., Haji AG, Nurfadilla E. Effect of inquiry learning methods on generic science skills based on creativity level. J Phys Conf Ser. 2020;1460(1). [DOI:10.1088/1742-6596/1460/1/012118]
20. Dupri N, N., Candra O. Creative Thinking Learning of Physical Education: Can Be Enhanced Using Discovery Learning Model? J Sport Area. 2021;6(1):37-47. doi: 10.25299/sportarea.2021.vol6(1).5690 [DOI:10.25299/sportarea.2021.vol6(1).5690]
21. Capel S, Cliffe J, Lawrence J. Learning to Teach Physical Education in the Secondary School. Learn to Teach Phys Educ Second Sch. 2020. [DOI:10.4324/9780429264436]
22. Metzler M, Colquitt G. Instructional models for physical education. Instruct Models Physical Educat. 2017:1-453. [DOI:10.4324/9781315213521]
23. Friesen S, Scott D. INQUIRY-BASED LEARNING LITERATURE REVIEW Inquiry-Based Learning: A Review of the Research Literature as mag Examining t he Efficacy of Inquiry-based Approaches t o Educat ion. 2013.

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Annals of Applied Sport Science

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb