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1- Exercise and Sports Science, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
2- Exercise and Sports Science, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia ,
Abstract:   (107 Views)
Background. Muslim archers need to fast during Ramadan, starting from sunrise to sunset, adhering to their religious calling while still needing to continue their training or competition. This situation is very challenging as archery is a sport that requires high concentration and focus. The available evidence indicates that physical and non-physical aspects of sporting performance were impacted in a small magnitude by the fasting. Thus, understanding the impact fasting has specifically on archers’ mood, and performance is crucial. This study compares archers' shooting performance and mood during fasting and non-fasting periods. Methods. Participants were male adolescent archers from the Terengganu State Sports Council and Malaysia Pahang Sports School (n=13; Mean age: 16.0±1.53 years). Participants were recruited through the purposive sampling method. This study was conducted a month before and during the Ramadan fasting month. The mood was evaluated using the 24-items Brunel Mood Scale Questionnaire before the scoring session. The total score of 36 arrows assessed the archery shooting performance. Results. The Mann-Whitney test showed that shooting performance and mood did not show any significant difference except for tension which showed a significant difference (p<0.05). Conclusion. The results showed that fasting did not affect the shooting performance and mood of the archers. Moreover, fasting helps in reducing the tension of the archers.
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According to the Brunel Mood Scale result, the subscale of fatigue increased in the fasting month. Thus, the coaches must design a proper training program and daily routine during the fasting month to reduce the fatigue level by manipulating the training volume and intensity.
The archery shooting score improved in the fasting month according to the performance result. Hence, the result showed that fasting did not impair the archery techniques, and it is suitable for the athletes to continue their training programs during the fasting month.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Psychology and its Related Branches
Received: 2022/04/25 | Accepted: 2021/01/12

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