year 11, Issue 2 (Summer 2023)                   Ann Appl Sport Sci 2023, 11(2): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Ambati V N P, Reimer J F, Escalante G, Saucedo F. Atypical Gaze Behavior in Children with High Functioning Autism During an Active Balance Task. Ann Appl Sport Sci 2023; 11 (2)
1- Department of Kinesiology, College of Natural Sciences, California State University, San Bernardino, USA ,
2- Department of Psychology, College of Social and Behavioral Sciences, California State University, San Bernardino, USA
3- Department of Kinesiology, College of Natural Sciences, California State University, San Bernardino, USA
4- Department of Kinesiology, Division of Education, Human Development & Social Sciences, Penn State Altoona, USA
Abstract:   (1637 Views)
Background. Unusual gaze behavior in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was reported very early in the literature.
Objectives. The current study examined gaze behavior in children with ASD and typically developing (TD) children while performing an active balance task on the Wii balance board. Methods: 8 children (male) diagnosed with high-functioning ASD and 9 TD children (3 female, 6 male) were recruited for the study. Eye movements were recorded at 60 Hz during the soccer game on Wii balance board.
Results. There was no significant difference in the game scores between the two groups (p > 0.05). However, evidence indicates differences in gaze behavior, particularly total fixation durations on the main area of interest (center AOI) (p < 0.05). While performing the active balance task, children with ASD spent less time looking at the center of the screen than typically developing children. Shorter fixation durations in ASD compared to the TD group could indicate how our ASD group had enhanced perceptual processing. The second possibility for shorter total fixation duration in ASD is that they are more scattered in their fixations.
Conclusion. Shorter fixation durations in children with ASD while performing the active balance task could be because of enhanced perceptual processing or a deficiency in their ability to plan. However, no advantage or disadvantage was observed in the Wii-fit game’s performance.
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• Gaze behavior in children with Autism is atypical and is likely to affect early-life development and social learning.
• Characterizing gaze behavior using quantifiable variables could pave the way for newer behavioral therapies.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Motor Control and its Related Branches
Received: 2022/07/18 | Accepted: 2022/09/21

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