year 11, Issue 4 (Winter 2023)                   Ann Appl Sport Sci 2023, 11(4): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Weerakkody P, Kutintara I, Terason S. Effects of Glass Ceiling Factors on Career Development among Women Athletes in Sri Lanka's National Teams. Ann Appl Sport Sci 2023; 11 (4)
1- Sport Management Department, Faculty of Sports Science, Kasetsart University, Kamphaeng Saen, Thailand
2- Sport Management Department, Faculty of Sports Science, Kasetsart University, Kamphaeng Saen, Thailand ,
Abstract:   (1321 Views)
Background. Women and gender issues have become leading topics of concern around the world, and most explore women’s challenges and advancement in all aspects of life.
Objectives. To identify the effects of the Glass Ceiling (GC) factors on Career Development (CD) among women athletes in Sri Lanka's national teams.
Methods. One hundred five respondents were randomly selected using simple random sampling among 144 individuals who were eligible for this study, and a self-administered questionnaire was used to record the answers GC effects were taken as independent variables and Women Career Development (WCD) was taken as the dependent variable.
Results. All the independent variables portrayed a statistically significant association with the dependent variable. Even though a negative association was hypothesized between all these regress and the CD, the only organization depicted a negative association with the dependent variable. Furthermore, the association among the independent variables was also statistically significant, and the most influential factor that affects WCD was organization while culture and the individual were respectively given the impact on the dependent variable. The family was not significant while other independent factors were in the model. Moreover, independent variables remained unchanged even after controlling the effects of age and performance.
Conclusion. Taken together, these results provide solid recommendations to women athletes on how GC factors affect CD in their professional life while addressing the invisible barriers that national women athletes faced during the development of their careers after retiring from sports.
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• The sample consisted of women athletes who represented and retired from Sri Lanka's national teams competing in the South Asian Games, the Asian Games, the Commonwealth Games, and the Olympic Games from 1995 to 2016.
• Women athletes who represented and still have not retired from the national teams in Sri Lanka in each above-mentioned game and women athletes who have businesses were excluded from the sample.
• Women athletes who are living outside of Sri Lanka were not taken as the sample.
• Contextual variables such as level of education, age, social class, and marital and motherhood status influence the perceptions of the role of the variable factors in forming the GC.
• Perceptions of organizational good practices against GC would promote equity in women's advancement.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Management and its related branches
Received: 2023/02/13 | Accepted: 2023/04/13

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