year 11, Issue 3 (Autumn 2023)                   Ann Appl Sport Sci 2023, 11(3): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Al-Sababha K M H. The Effect of Using the Six Thinking Hats Strategy for Developing Creative Thinking and the Learning of Some Gymnastic Skills among Primary School Students. Ann Appl Sport Sci 2023; 11 (3)
Department of Physical Education, College of Education, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia ,
Abstract:   (891 Views)
Background. Educators have sought to develop new teaching methods and strategies with an emphasis on learners who play major roles. This is achieved by preparing different and active situations by increasing motivation and developing their thinking.
Objectives. The purpose of the study was to design a program using the six thinking hats strategy and to identify its effects on creative thinking and some of the gymnastic skills, namely handstands (HS), forward rolls (FR), and backward rolls (BR) of primary school students.
Methods. The researchers used the experimental method with 50 students who were randomly divided into two groups, namely an experimental group (n = 25, age = 11.24 ± 0.60 years, height = 143.24 ± 2.29 cm, weight = 42.44 ± 2.29 kg, IQ = 18.36 ± 0.64 scores) and a control group (n = 25, age = 11.24 ± 0.66 years, height = 143.80 ± 3.62 cm, weight = 42.36 ± 2.56 kg, IQ = 18.48 ± 0.59 score). The homogeneity between the two groups was calculated, and the results revealed that there were no differences between the two samples. Concerning the research variables, the educational program was applied twice per week for eight weeks.
Results. The proposed education program using the six thinking hats strategy had a more positive effect on the development of creative thinking and some of the gymnastic skills being researched for primary school students than did the traditional program, with statistically significant differences in the creative thinking scale of 17.04%. The gymnastic skills that were studied, namely handstands (HS), frontward rolls (FR), and backward rolls (BR) had a relative difference of 74.47 - 108.48%, P<0.005. The differences in the improvement rates for all the variables were in favor of the experimental group.
Conclusion. Therefore, the proposed educational program using the six thinking hats strategy had a positive effect on the creative thinking and gymnastic skills of the primary school pupils, which resulted in a statistically significant difference in the subsequent tests in favor of the experimental group.
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• Based on the results of the research, the researchers recommend implementing the program, including the six thinking hats strategy to develop students’ creative thinking and gymnastic skills.
• It is also necessary to include pre-service physical education teacher-preparation programs and training in the use of the six thinking hats strategy for developing students’ creative thinking and gymnastic skills.
• Directing those involved in the physical education sector to hold courses for physical education teachers to train them to use the six thinking hats strategy to develop innovative thinking and the gymnastic skills of primary school students will require further research and studies to design programs using the six thinking hats strategy to determine its efficacy in developing other motor skills, in addition to diverse activities and variables.
• Conducting more research and studies of the design and use of motor dexterity programs to determine their effectiveness in the learning and development of other motor skills and abilities, as well as possible activities and variables, is recommended in the future.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Physical Education Learning
Received: 2023/03/5 | Accepted: 2023/05/2

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