year 12, Issue 2 (Summer 2024)                   Ann Appl Sport Sci 2024, 12(2): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Zhao M, Wang S, Kueh Y C, Chin N S, Kuan G. Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Chinese Versioned Five-by-Five Resilience Scale. Ann Appl Sport Sci 2024; 12 (2)
1- Exercise and Sports Science Programme, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia
2- Biostatistics and Research Methodology Unit, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia
3- Department of Physical and Health Education, Institute of Teacher Education Batu Lintang Campus, Kuching, Malaysia
4- Exercise and Sports Science Programme, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia ,
Abstract:   (650 Views)
Background. Psychological resilience is the ability to cope with stress and is related to mental health. Assessing the psychological resilience of university students is important for formulating effective health promotion strategies to enhance their well-being and health.
Objectives. This study aimed to validate the Five-by-Five Resilience Scale (5×5RS) in the Chinese context using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA).
Methods. A cross-sectional study was carried out among 705 university students, with a mean age of 19.73 (SD=1.56) years. The scale was translated into Chinese using standard forward and backward translation procedures. CFA was conducted using Mplus 8.3 software.
Results. The hypothetical five-factor model was supported by the CFA after removing 9 items and adding correction lines to the residuals of the same factor (RMSEA=0.055, CFI=0.926, TLI=0.901, SRMR=0.065). The Cronbach's alpha values and the composite reliability for the subscales ranged from 0.638~0.784 and 0.639~0.786, respectively.
Conclusion. The Chinese version of the 5×5RS was considered valid and reliable to assess the psychological resilience among Chinese university students.
Full-Text [PDF 917 kb]   (170 Downloads)    
  • This study provides evidence that the 5×5RS-C has sufficient reliability and validity to assess the psychological resilience of Chinese university students.
  • The 5×5RS-C has five factors (adaptability, emotion regulation, optimism, self-efficacy, social support) and 16 items, it is recommended as a tool to assess psychological resilience.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Psychology and its Related Branches
Received: 2023/10/2 | Accepted: 2024/01/7

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