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Suksong N, Maphong R, Sriramatr S. A Walking Intervention for Enhancing Self-efficacy, Physical Activity, and Cardiovascular Endurance in Overweight Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Ann Appl Sport Sci 2024; 12
URL: http://aassjournal.com/article-1-1291-en.html
1- Department of Sport Science, Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok, Thailand.
2- Faculty of Sports Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.
3- Department of Sport Science, Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok, Thailand. , sonthase@g.swu.ac.th
Abstract:   (788 Views)
Background. Child obesity is an increasing trend in Thailand. Increasing physical activity is therefore necessary.
Objectives. The purposes of this study were to investigate the effect of a walking intervention program on the self-efficacy, physical activity (PA), and physical fitness of obese children in Thailand and to examine whether self-efficacy mediated changes in PA and physical fitness.
Methods. A total of 42 children aged 6-19 years were randomized into two parallel groups: a control group (n=21) and an intervention group (n=21) who participated in the walking physical activity enhancement program for 8 weeks. Self-efficacy, %body fat, cardiovascular endurance, sedentary behavior (SB), steps, metabolic equivalents (METs), light PA (LPA), and moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) were measured at baseline and after the end of the intervention. Multivariate analysis of variance tests was performed. METs and steps scores were highly positive; a composite score was created (i.e., Mets-Steps). Path analysis was conducted for mediation testing.
Results. Compared to the control group, the intervention group had a significant increase in self-efficacy (p<0.05), Mets-Steps (p<0.01), and the MVPA (p<0.01) at the end of the program, while % body fat (p=0.41), cardiovascular endurance (p=0.11), SB (p=0.22), and LPA (p=0.31) were unaffected. Self-efficacy did not significantly mediate the effect of the intervention on METs-Steps and MVPA.
Conclusion. The intervention can increase self-efficacy, steps, METs, and MVPA, but the increase in steps, METs, and MVPA is not a result of the increase in self-efficacy.
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APPLICABLE REMARKS
  • Children's levels of self-efficacy, steps, metabolic equivalents, and moderate to vigorous physical activity increased as a result of the walking intervention. Nonetheless, the influence of the intervention on steps, moderate-to-intense physical activity, and metabolic equivalents was not significantly mediated by self-efficacy. Children's levels of self-efficacy, steps, metabolic equivalents, and moderate to vigorous physical activity were increased as a result of the walking intervention.
  • Walking is a basic activity of daily living and can be made simple. Teachers, parents, or other relevant parties should set up a walking program to help obese youngsters become more active, use more energy, and feel more confident.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Physiology and its related branches
Received: 2023/10/14 | Accepted: 2023/12/15

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