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1- Postgraduate Education Institute, Haliç University, Istanbul, Türkiye.
2- Faculty of Sports Sciences, Department of Physical Education and Sport Teaching, Haliç University, Istanbul, Türkiye.
3- Faculty of Sports Sciences, Department of Physical Education and Sport Teaching, Haliç University, Istanbul, Türkiye. , mertkurnaz@halic.edu.tr
Abstract:   (138 Views)
Background. Volleyball warm-up protocols can lead to improvements in vertical jump performance.
Objectives. The purpose of this study was to compare the immediate effects of a short-term high-intensity warm-up protocol and a traditional warm-up protocol on vertical jump height in elite and sub-elite women volleyball players.
Methods. Thirty healthy volleyball players (aged 26.53±3.72 years; elite group n=14; sub-elite group n=16) performed a short-term high-intensity warm-up protocol (27 min) and a traditional warm-up protocol (45 min) over three days at 48-hour intervals. After each protocol, the vertical jump height was evaluated using the VERT wearable jump device. The ANOVA test for repeated measurements revealed a significant difference, and a Bonferroni post-hoc test was used.
Results. In all groups, vertical jump height was significantly changed and increased from the short-term high-intensity warm-up protocol compared to the traditional warm-up protocol (Diff=-3.103; 95% CI=-4.118 to -2.088; d=0.81; p<0.001; ηp2=0.762) and the without warm-up (Diff=-4.973; 95% CI=-6.153 to -3.793; d=1.36; p<0.001). In the elite group, vertical jump height was significantly changed and increased from the short-term high-intensity warm-up protocol compared to the traditional warm-up protocol (Diff=3.943; 95% CI=1.962 to 5.924; d=1.24; p<0.001; ηp2=0.818) and the without warm-up (Diff=-6.543; 95% CI=-8.609 to -4.476; d=2.13; p<0.001). Similarly, in the sub-elite group, vertical jump height was also significantly changed and increased from the short-term high-intensity warm-up protocol compared to the traditional warm-up protocol (Diff=1.231; 95% CI=-0.717 to -1.746; d=0.68; p<0.001; ηp2=0.856) and the without warm-up (Diff=-3.600; 95% CI=-4.375 to -2.825; d=1.04; p<0.001).
Conclusion. In conclusion, the results revealed that, in practical terms, the short-term high-intensity warm-up protocol is the best protocol to immediately improve vertical jump performance in women volleyball players. Robust conclusions, however, need randomized controlled trials with sufficient statistical power.
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APPLICABLE REMARKS
  • Research results show that it is beneficial to use less duration and number of repetitions of static stretching exercises and more dynamic stretching exercises in the applied warm-up protocols.
  • It can be said that individual warm-up exercises combined with a short-term high-intensity warm-up protocol, as opposed to the traditional 45-minute warm-up protocol, increase the vertical jump performance of women volleyball players.
  • Short-term high-intensity warm-up protocol is the best warm-up protocol to acutely improve vertical jump height in women volleyball players, when compared to traditional warm-up protocol and when each one is applied by itself.
  • It is thought that a short-term high-intensity warm-up protocol has a positive effect on vertical jump height and that including it in warm-up programs in sports where vertical jump is a performance criterion may have positive effects.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Motor Control and its Related Branches
Received: 2024/01/14 | Accepted: 2024/03/11

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