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1- Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal , dariogaspar7@gmail.com
2- Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal. Research Center in Sport Sciences, Health, and Human Development (CIDESD), Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal
Abstract:   (664 Views)
Background. Misconduct in sport science research is a detrimental practice, as it affects data reliability and decreases the validity of all research in the long run.
Objectives. The objective of this narrative review is to identify the main problems of misconduct in sport science research and point out effective prevention methods.
Methods. A literature search was undertaken in "Web of Science" and "PUBMED" databases, where several terms identified a priori and related to Boolean operators were combined, resulting in a total of 181 records and 19 documents found by cross-references that were subsequently selected.
Results. As a result, we found that most abusive behavior consists of results fabrication, manipulation, and plagiarism. It is noted that, in modern times, there is more pressure on data publication, also, easy Internet access seems to have increased misconduct behaviors. Meanwhile, there are several studies focused on identifying misconduct and ensure research validity, such as students/professors' characteristics; analysis of academic and national procedures; action procedures, and strategies when identified abusive behavior.
Conclusion. The present investigation has relapsed a lot on the identification of profiles of researchers who carry out misconduct and have used mostly one methodology, in this case, questionnaires, of which one can question the validity of the answers given due to the susceptibility of the subject itself. Therefore, we believe that the focus of the investigation to solve this problem must be changed and who can answer the following question: how can we identify data manipulation, fabrication, or falsification during its collection or treatment?
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APPLICABLE REMARKS
  • It was evident in this narrative review the lack of research on the extension of science misconduct in sports science research. It would be important to make a more in-depth assessment of the main problems and their extent in this area of research.
  • Given the results of this narrative review, it is concluded that to reduce the extent of scientific misconduct in the area of sports sciences, two strategies must be followed: (a) Include in the academic program (master's or doctoral) program contents that address ethical issues in scientific research and (b) The need to establish codes of conduct that identify the main practices of academic misconduct and the sanction to which the practitioner must be subjected.
  • This investigation highlighted the role of the tutor in demanding compliance with ethical requirements in the research process he is supervising, denouncing abusive behaviors, and direct the investigation to why those behaviors are not often reported.

Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Sport Law
Received: 2020/09/28 | Accepted: 2020/11/30

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