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1- Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Human Sciences and Literature, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Human Sciences and Literature, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran , ehsani@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (570 Views)
Background. Educational sport is one of the best tools to fashion motivational forces with respect to sports, which leads to desirable results in sports activities. Today, the path to success in elite and professional sports passes through the attention to educational sports.
Objectives. Due to the importance of educational sports, this study aimed to study the challenges of educational sports in the country by reviewing previous studies.
Methods. Purposefully and based on the main objective of the research, we investigated papers in the field of educational sports and the findings on problems and limitations in the field along with highlighting keywords comprising educational sports, physical sports, school sports, educational sports challenges, limitations, and weaknesses of educational sports, health and physical education in schools from 2011 to 2020 in the country. In this study, related articles were searched by keywords and in specialized databases of Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, PubMed, SID, Magiran, Irandoc. The inclusion criteria for the selected articles were as follows: they need to be in Persian or Iranian articles, be published in prestigious domestic and foreign scientific research journals, and be in the field of educational sports and the examination of harms and weaknesses of it in the country. The results of the searches based on inclusion criteria eventually led to the identification of 26 articles field; by reviewing the articles that were outside the main purpose of this study, they were excluded from the analysis, and finally, 15 completely related and consistent articles were selected. These articles have been in the field of educational sports and their harms and limitations have been reviewed.
Results. The findings showed that the weakness and problems involved in the country's educational sports can be of 7 dimensions: lack of sports facilities and equipment, educational weakness, managerial weakness, human resources weakness, lack of financial resources, contextual and individual factors.
Conclusion. In developed countries such as China, Japan, the United States, etc. the main basis for the development of sports in the country, as well as the development of elite and professional sports, is physical and educational sports which will necessitate us to get them started from the beginning in schools and universities. Therefore, there should be a fundamental revision of the country's management programs in the field of educational sports in schools and universities.
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APPLICABLE REMARKS
  • It is suggested that Iran should have a say in sports like gymnastics, athletics, and swimming at the world level. This could be achieved when any involved organization pays special attention to sports. According to the results of this study, suggestions are made to pay more consideration to education and training, as well as to advance the situation in the country.
  • Due to the educational weakness dimension, it is recommended to use the word physical activity used in the content of preschool and primary school textbooks.
  • Concerning the lack of sports facilities and equipment, it is suggested that the country's schools be equipped with appropriate and quality sports facilities and equipment under sports and educational goals in different educational courses.
  • According to the educational weakness dimension, it is suggested to look at physical education and sports activities as an important course and also as a factor for the development and reduction of physical and mental illnesses in society.
  • Due to the lack of human resources, it is proposed that physical education graduates and coaches be employed to educate children in schools and colleges.
  • Owing to managerial weakness, it is suggested the scientific approaches, goals, and strategies in the field of physical education be determined and the priorities are evaluated by senior physical education directors.
  • Due to the lack of financial resources, it is recommended to prevent the uncontrolled expansion of school sports, especially those not applicable in schools or unsafe concerning students' health.
  • Based on the individual factors, it is advised that special sports facilities and equipment be provided for people with special physical conditions. They are treated like healthy people so that they also have the right to exercise and receive training.

Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Sport Management and its related branches
Received: 2020/11/9 | Accepted: 2021/01/12

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