year 9, Issue 4 (Winter 2021)                   Ann Appl Sport Sci 2021, 9(4): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rahim M, Hamidi M, Rasekh N. Strategic Planning of Physical Education and Sports in Iranian Schools Using QSPM Matrix. Ann Appl Sport Sci. 2021; 9 (4)
URL: http://aassjournal.com/article-1-975-en.html
1- Ministry of Education, Physical Education Department, Tehran, Iran , mohrah60@gmail.com
2- Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Sports Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3- Department of Sport Management, Sport Sciences Research Institute of Iran (SSRI), Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1478 Views)
Background. Considering the existence of FRDE (Fundamental Reform Document of Education) as a national guideline, there is a need to design strategies for physical education and sports in schools, so that due to the limited resources, reaching the desired targets and plans outlined in the FRDE become possible.
Objectives. The purpose of this study is to strategically plan the physical education and sports of Iranian students using the QSPM matrix with a mixed (qualitative-quantitative) method.
Methods. The sample of the quantitative section was physical education staff members of the general departments and headquarters (deputy, director, and expert) which was a total of 120 people. The main search tools were as follows: 1- The questionnaire, In the qualitative part, the participants included thirteen professors and knowledgeable experts in the field of education who were interviewed to determine the main components of the questionnaire. 2- IFE, EFE, and SWOT matrices were used to determine the strategic position and strategy development and a quantitative strategic planning matrix (QSPM) was used to prioritize the strategies.
Results. The results showed that the strategic position of physical education and sports in Iranian schools is in an offensive position and has six strengths, six weaknesses, six opportunities, and six threats. Analyses determined Four SO strategies, two WO strategies, two ST strategies and one WT strategy, and a total of nine strategies.
Conclusion. It seems that based on the prioritization of strategies, the promotion of students' motor literacy, as well as a healthy and active lifestyle as the main targets in physical education and sports in schools, should be considered by policymakers in this field.
Full-Text [PDF 334 kb]   (752 Downloads)    
 
 
APPLICABLE REMARKS
• It also seems that based on the prioritization of strategies, the development of students' motor literacy and the promotion of a dynamic lifestyle should be considered as the main target of policymakers in physical education and sports in schools.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Management and its related branches
Received: 2021/02/12 | Accepted: 2021/04/24 | Published: 2021/12/28 | ePublished: 2021/12/28

References
1. Jones GJ, Hyun M, Edwards MB, Casper J, Bocarro JN, Lynch J. Is "school sport" associated with school belongingness? Testing the influence of school sport policy. Sport Manag Rev. 2020;23(5):925-936. [DOI:10.1016/j.smr.2019.12.003]
2. Gholami K, Salehi Omran E, Izadi S, Saffar Heidari H. Developing a Standard Model of Teachers' Professional Competence on the Basis of High Level Documents in Iran. Iran J Edu Soc. 2019;2(2):44-59. [DOI:10.29252/ijes.2.2.44]
3. Hills AP, Dengel DR, Lubans DR. Supporting public health priorities: recommendations for physical education and physical activity promotion in schools. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2015;57(4):368-374. [DOI:10.1016/j.pcad.2014.09.010] [PMID]
4. Kohl III HW, Cook HD. Educating the student body: Taking physical activity and physical education to school: National Academies Press; 2013.
5. Dagkas S, Stathi A. Exploring social and environmental factors affecting adolescents' participation in physical activity. Europ Physic Edu Rev. 2016;13(3):369-384. [DOI:10.1177/1356336X07081800]
6. Parker AE, Kupersmidt JB, Mathis ET, Scull TM, Sims C. The impact of mindfulness education on elementary school students: Evaluation of the Master Mind Program. Adv Sch Ment Health Promot. 2014;7(3):184-204. [DOI:10.1080/1754730X.2014.916497] [PMID] [PMCID]
7. Nemati T, Panahi AG. Problems of Fundamental Reform Document of Education (FRDE) in the Education System in Iran (A Meta-Analysis). J Financ Analysis. 2019;2(1):45-56.
8. McLaughlin MW. Community counts: How youth organizations matter for youth development. Washington, DC.: Public Education Network, 2000.
9. Barnabè F. A "system dynamics‐based Balanced Scorecard" to support strategic decision making. Int J Product Perform Manag. 2011;60(5):446-473. [DOI:10.1108/17410401111140383]
10. Bryson JM. Strategic planning for public and non-profit organizations: A guide to strengthening and sustaining organizational achievement: John Wiley & Sons; 2018.
11. Nejatian M, Zarei MH. Moving Towards Organizational Agility: Are We Improving in the Right Direction? Glob J Flexible Sys Manag. 2013;14(4):241-253. [DOI:10.1007/s40171-013-0048-3]
12. Blythe SG. The importance of movement in early development-the foundation of developing physical literacy. Presidents Message. 2013;12(1):15.
13. Varriale L, Briganti P, Guillot G, Ascione A. Motor and dietary education against obesity for students: Evidence from Italy. J Human Sport Exercise. 2019;14(3). [DOI:10.14198/jhse.2019.143.19]
14. Van Boekel M, Bulut O, Stanke L, Palma Zamora JR, Jang Y, Kang Y, et al. Effects of participation in school sports on academic and social functioning. J Appl Dev Psychol. 2016;46:31-40. [DOI:10.1016/j.appdev.2016.05.002]
15. Robinson DB, Randall L, Barrett J. Physical Literacy (Mis)understandings: What do Leading Physical Education Teachers Know About Physical Literacy? J Teach Physic Edu. 2018;37(3):288-298. [DOI:10.1123/jtpe.2018-0135]
16. Balyi I, Way R, Higgs C. Long-Term Athlete Development: Human Kinetics Library; 2013. [DOI:10.5040/9781492596318]
17. Castelli DM, Centeio EE, Beighle AE, Carson RL, Nicksic HM. Physical literacy and Comprehensive School Physical Activity Programs. Prev Med. 2014;66:95-100. [DOI:10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.06.007] [PMID]
18. Abbasi H, Khanmoradi S, Eydi H, Rasekh N. Quantitative strategic planning of General Office of Sports and Youth in regard to championship sport using QSPM in Kermanshah. Int J Sport Sci. 2016;6(2):36-45.

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Annals of Applied Sport Science

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb