year 2, Issue 4 (Winter 2014)                   Ann Appl Sport Sci 2014, 2(4): 23-32 | Back to browse issues page

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Bazyar F, Shabani R, Elmiyeh A. Health-related Physical Fitness in Children with Mental Retardation. Ann Appl Sport Sci 2014; 2 (4) :23-32
1- Department of Physical Education, Science & Research Branch, Islamic Azad University ,
2- Department of Exercise Physiology, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University
Abstract:   (18918 Views)
Human health is highly dependent on the condition of health-related physical fitness and particularly body composition. Adolescence is unique in this regard, especially when the adolescents are mentally retarded, about whom information on physical fitness is limited. Thus, the objective of this paper was to study the components of health-related physical fitness with emphasis on body composition and weight gain and loss in mentally retarded students of Roodbar. Statistical sample included 91 mentally retarded male students with mean age of 13.44±1.56, mean height of 167±6.97, and mean IQ of 68.7±7.8. Physical fitness components were assessed using modified Brockport Physical Fitness Test (BPFT) including cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition (by calculation of body mass index). The results indicated that in terms of body mass index, 40% of participants were underweight, 10% were overweight, and 10% were obese. In addition, body fat percentage was high in 11.9% of subjects and very high in 13% of them. The mean aerobic power of mentally retarded boys aged 12-14 was measured 31.5% (ml/kg/min), indicating 25% and 35% lower physical fitness, respectively, compared to their normal peers and the reference values. The present study revealed that a significant proportion of mentally retarded adolescents in Roodbar are suffering from either underweight or overweight. Moreover, their physical fitness in all components is not desirable compared to their normal peers.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Exercise, Training and Health
Received: 2014/02/19 | Accepted: 2014/10/5

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