year 4, Issue 1 (Spring 2016)                   Ann Appl Sport Sci 2016, 4(1): 49-56 | Back to browse issues page

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Shams A, Poor Hadi S, Sahaf R. Comparing Levels of Depression in Healthy Active and Inactive Elders versus Those with Knee Osteoarthritis Disease. Ann Appl Sport Sci 2016; 4 (1) :49-56
1- Sport Sciences Research Institute of Iran (SSRI), Tehran, Iran
2- Iranian Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Iranian Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran ,
Abstract:   (7701 Views)

Knee osteoarthritis can have negative effects on the physical and mental conditions, social and family relations, general health and positive feelings of elders. For example, severe limitation of motion and increased depression, which are results of this disease, can have negative impacts on elders. The purpose of this study was to compare the levels of depression in healthy active and inactive elders versus those with knee osteoarthritis disease. Two hundred and twenty (220) elders with knee osteoarthritis disease (110 active and 110 inactive patients) and 220 healthy elders (110 active and 110 inactive) were voluntarily selected, and they filled the questionnaire about elders’ personal characteristics, physical activity and depression levels. Four groups had differences with respect to education, age and gender. The results of chi-square test revealed that women with knee osteoarthritis disease had increased levels of depression compared to men with the same condition (p<0.05). Older patients had increased levels of depression and educated elders reported lower levels of depression. The results of the one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed that there exist a significant difference in depression scores of healthy active and healthy inactive elders and those with knee osteoarthritis disease. The results of Tukey’s test revealed that healthy active elder had lower depression scores compared to inactive elders with knee osteoarthritis disease. Carrying out exercises and physical activities can help improve the health state of patients with knee osteoarthritis problem and can also improve the elders’ mental condition and thus decrease their pain and depression.

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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Psychology and its Related Branches
Received: 2015/07/31 | Accepted: 2016/05/28

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