year 4, Issue 4 (Winter 2016)                   Ann Appl Sport Sci 2016, 4(4): 43-50 | Back to browse issues page

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Sheikhhoseini R, O'Sullivan K, Alizadeh M H, Sadeghisani M. Altered Motor Control in Athletes with Low Back Pain: a Literature Review. Ann Appl Sport Sci. 2016; 4 (4) :43-50
1- Faculty of Sport Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran ,
2- Sports Spine Centre, Aspetar Orthopaedic and Sports Hospital, Doha, Qatar
3- Department of Health & Sport Medicine, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
4- Faculty of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (7112 Views)

Low back pain (LBP) is also one of the most common medical conditions in athletes. There is little doubt that patients with LBP use from their body differently than pain free individuals. The purpose of this review was to investigate changes in motor control which may be present in athletes with LBP. The search strategy for this review consisted of an electronic database search of full text in MEDLINE database. 28 studies met the eligibility criteria, most of which were cross-sectional in nature. The studies were analyzed separately according to the specific sports involved. The studies demonstrate that athletes with LBP exhibit a range of MCI in the trunk, lumbopelvic region and lower extremities. However, inconsistencies were apparent between the results. Athletes with LBP demonstrate MCI during functional and non-functional tasks, similar to non-athletes. More studies, especially large prospective studies which control for non-mechanical factors which may also differ among athletes with LBP are required to determine the relationship between LBP and MCI in athletes.

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  • Athletes with LBP do not seem to adopt postures that are automatically the best or most optimum. This explains the flexion pattern cyclists staying in flexion during cycling, the cricketers leaning over onto the painful side even more towards end-range etc., whereas these faulty postures may exacerbate LBP or result in further pain/injuries, so the athletic trainer should be aware of these poor techniques and plan to resolve the MCI in athletes with LBP.

Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Kinesiology and Sport Injuries
Received: 2016/09/9 | Accepted: 2016/11/15 | Published: 2016/12/30 | ePublished: 2016/12/30

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