year 6, Issue 3 (Autumn 2018)                   Ann. Appl. Sport Sci 2018, 6(3): 23-29 | Back to browse issues page

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Fathirezaie Z, Zamani Sani S H, Ebrahimi S, Brand S, Jahanbakhsh I, Nazari S. Discriminating Mental Skills among Adolescent Elite and Competitive Soccer and Volleyball Players. Ann. Appl. Sport Sci. 2018; 6 (3) :23-29
URL: http://aassjournal.com/article-1-515-en.html
1- Motor Behavior Department, Physical Education and Sport Science Faculty, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
2- Motor Behavior Department, Physical Education and Sport Science Faculty, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran , hojjatzamani8@gmail.com
3- Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders (ZASS), Psychiatric Clinics (UPK), University of Basel. Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Division of Sport and Psychosocial Health, University of Basel
4- Department of sport physiology, Physical Education and Sport Science Faculty, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
5- Department of sport physiology, Physical Education and Sport Science Faculty, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (594 Views)
Background. Mental skills are defined as a set of trainable mental abilities and methods that are held to underpin successful learning and performance.
Objectives. The aim of the present research was to study and compare the mental skills of 
adolescent elite and competitive volleyball and soccer players.
Methods. The sample consisted of 100 players (54 elite soccer, 13 elite volleyball, 18 competitive soccer
and 15 competitive volleyball) selected via a purposive sampling method. Data were collected using the Ottawa Mental Skills Assessment Tool-2 (OMSAT-2).
Results. Elite and competitive volleyball players had higher scores for stress reactions than elite soccer players. In addition, elite soccer players had more self-confidence than competitive soccer and volleyball players. Also, competitive volleyball players had higher levels of fear than elite soccer players. There were no other significant differences in mental skills between soccer and volleyball players.
Conclusion. It seems that adolescent volleyball players stand in more immediate need of learning strategies for coping with stress, fear and self-confidence management than soccer players. Results are discussed in terms of an athlete’s levels, the nature and characteristics of the sport and choking during
performance.
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APPLICABLE REMARKS
• It is suggested that sport psychologists consider the mental needs of adolescent volleyball players, especially in terms of fear, stress reactions and their self-confidence. Options include use cognitive restructuring, visualization and guided relaxation.
• Additionally, goal setting, positive self-talk 
and personal affirmation may be used to build and manage self-confidence and player self-confidence.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Psychology and its Related Branches
Received: 2017/05/3 | Accepted: 2018/05/28 | Published: 2018/10/13

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