Winter                   Back to the articles list | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

1- Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Sport Science, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran ,
2- Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Sport Science, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran
Abstract:   (840 Views)
Background. One of the most important elements of life are physical activity and sports: these are the basis of health during life. In order for society to benefit from the advantages of physical activity and sports, it is necessary to know the factors influencing this phenomenon.
Objectives. The purpose of this paper is to design a sports development model in the free trade-industrial zones of Iran.
Methods. The research was
qualitative, and was done using the grounded theory approach and based on the systematic approach of Strauss and Corbin (1998). The geographic area of the research included seven free trade trade-industrial zones of Iran; the data collection tool was a semi-structured interview. Participants in the research were the sport authorities of Iran’s free zone, sports officers, officers of the Ministry of Sports and Youth of free zones, staff members of the Ministry of Sports and Youth, and sports professors; interviews involved 22 informed persons.
Results. The results of data coding showed that causal factors (individual, interpersonal, and structural) centrally affect sports development. Cultural, social, economic, political, technological, legal, and environmental factors were also selected as context and interventional factors. Development of management; development of space, equipment, and great sports events; cultural and social development; scientific and legal development; and development of financial resources were designated as strategies for the development of
sport, which will also lead to economic, cultural, social, environmental, and political consequences.
Conclusion. Given the positive outcomes for the development of
, it can be useful as an effective tool in achieving the major goals of Iran’s free trade-industrial zones.
Full-Text [PDF 860 kb]   (249 Downloads)    
• The results of this research can help sports managers of free zones to:
1) Identify the factors that influence sports development.
2) Identify the context and intervening factors that affect sports development.
3) Formulate strategies for 
4) Identify outcomes of sports development.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Management and its related branches
Received: 2018/04/13 | Accepted: 2018/07/14

1. World Health Organization. Physical activity strategy for the WHO European Region 2016-2025. Organ Mund la Salud. 2015; (September 2015):1.
2. 2018.
3. Taylor P, Davies L, Wells P, Gilbertson J, Tayleur W, Christy E, et al. A review of the Social Impacts of Culture and Sport. 2015; (March):1–136.
4. Cox S. Game of life: How sport and recreaction can help make us healthier,happier &richer [Internet]. Sport and Recreation Alliance.; 2012. Available from:
5. Luiz J, Fadal R. An economic analysis of sports performance in Africa. Int J Soc Econ. 2011;38 (10):869–83. [DOI:10.1108/03068291111170415]
6. Duglio S, Beltramo R. Estimating the economic impacts of a small-scale sport tourism event: The case of the Italo-Swiss mountain trail CollonTrek. Sustain. 2017;9 (3).
7. Brar RS, Pathak A. Sports and Environment 1. Sopaan - II. 2016;1 (1):7–11.
8. Pourranjbar M, Zeytoonli AH. Describing Factors Affecting Participation of Students in Public Sport. Int J Sci Study. 2017;5 (8):344–8.
9. Oliveira-Brochado A, Quelhas Brito P, Oliveira-Brochado F. Correlates of adults' participation in sport and frequency of sport. Sci Sports. 2017;32 (6):355–63. [DOI:10.1016/j.scispo.2017.03.005]
10. Mohammadi M, Azizmalayeri K. The Study of factor Affecting sport participation faculty and staff of the university of malayer city from their perspective. Soc Sci 11 (16). 2016;3669–975.
11. Turrin M, Yang D, D'Aquilio A, Sileryte R, Sun Y. Computational Design for Sport Buildings. In: Procedia Engineering. 2016. p. 878–83. [DOI:10.1016/j.proeng.2016.06.285]
12. Teixeira MRC, Ribeiro TMP. Sport policy and sports development: Study of demographic, organizational, financial and political dimensions to the local level in Portugal. Open Sports Sci J. 2016;9 (Suppl-1, M4):26–34.
13. Eime RM, Harvey JT, Charity MJ, Casey MM, Westerbeek H, Payne WR. Age profiles of sport participants. BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil. 2016;8 (6):1–10. [DOI:10.1186/s13102-016-0031-3]
14. Yazid LI. Sport development; The Nigerian way : A review. Int J Phys Educ Sport Heal IJPESH. 2015;1 (4):20–4.
15. Downward P, Lera-López F, Rasciute S. The correlates of sports participation in Europe. Eur J Sport Sci. 2014;14 (6):592–602. [DOI:10.1080/17461391.2014.880191] [PMID]
16. Farrell L, Hollingsworth B, Propper C, Shields M a. The Socioeconomic Gradient in Physical Inactivity in England. C Work Pap Ser. 2013;13 (311):1–33.
17. Eime RM, Young JA, Harvey JT, Charity MJ, Payne WR. A systematic review of the psychological and social benefits of participation in sport for adults: informing development of a conceptual model of health through sport. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2013;10:1–14. [DOI:10.1186/1479-5868-10-98] [PMID] [PMCID]
18. Deniz S, Yenel F. The Structural Analysis of Physical Education and Sports System in The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Procedia - Soc Behav Sci. 2013;89:772–80. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.08.931]
19. Erker RS, Ličen S. Review of physical activity and predictors and population groupsat risk of poor health. 2012.
20. Nambaka JE, Kamau J, Amusa LO, Goon DT, Andanje M. Factors influencing participation in physical exercise by the elderly in Eldoret West District, Kenya. African J Phys Heal Educ Recreat Danc. 2011;17 (3):462–72. [DOI:10.4314/ajpherd.v17i3.71096]
21. Sotiriadou K, Shilbury D, Quick S. The Attraction, Retention/Transition, and Nurturing Process of Sport Development: Some Australian Evidence. J Sport Manag. 2008;22:247–72. [DOI:10.1123/jsm.22.3.247]
22. Malhotra S. Free Trade Zones: Characteristics and Tenant Behaviour. Carleton University; 2007.
23. Creswell JW. Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. Boston: Edwards Brothers. Inc; 2012.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2017 All Rights Reserved | Annals of Applied Sport Science

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb