year 7, Issue 4 (Winter 2019)                   Ann Appl Sport Sci 2019, 7(4): 36-42 | Back to browse issues page

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Esteves M D L, Gouveia Rodrigues R J A, Pinheiro P G, Brás R M M, Rodrigues Gouveia A I A D, o´Hara K D L S et al . Physical Activity Patterns and Perceptions among Type 2 Diabetic and Non-diabetic Portuguese. Ann Appl Sport Sci 2019; 7 (4) :36-42
1- Department of Sport Sciences, Rua Marquês d’Ávila e Bolama, Covilhã, Portugal ,
2- Department of Business and Economics, Universidade da Beira Interior, Estrada do Sineiro, Covilhã, Portugal
3- Department of Sport Sciences, Rua Marquês d’Ávila e Bolama, Covilhã, Portugal
4- Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal
Abstract:   (4450 Views)
Background. The increasing prevalence and incidence of type 2 Diabetes has turned it into a worldwide epidemic. Although Physical Activity (PA) may play an essential role in the prevention and management of this disease, sedentary lifestyles continue to increase among diabetics. Besides, there is evidence to believe that diabetics and non-diabetics show different patterns of PA behavior, perceptions and information seeking.
Objectives. This study aims to analyze diabetics and non-diabetics differences regarding (1) PA patterns (level, barriers, goals/expectations and preferred activities); (2) PA-related information sources and (3) evidenced perception on the need and importance of PA.
Methods. Using data from 485 Portuguese subjects aged between 41 and 90 years old, differences between diabetics (n=85) and non-diabetics (n=400) were analyzed with Pearson’s chi-square and independent t-test.
Results. The study concludes that 32% of diabetics that are physically inactive. Their attitude toward PA is not much different from non-diabetics. Nevertheless, the importance given to the time available and the schedules of activities as well as exercising with friends were more relevant for diabetics. Diabetics considered that the exercise is not safe for their health condition and present lower expectation towards exercise. Regarding information seeking behavior about PA, diabetics use as leading information source doctors and less online information.
Conclusion. Diabetics and non-diabetics give different importance to PA. Results establish a foundation for the development of effective tailored communication strategies to promote PA among the diabetics.
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- The present investigation comparing diabetics and non-diabetics aspires to establish a foundation for the development of effective tailored communication strategies to promote PA among the diabetics. The practical implications of the results presented can be summarized as follow:
- Providing robust and trusty evidence of the benefits and low risk associated with the exercise for diabetics is crucial, since the major barriers stated by them were the perception that exercise is not adequate to their health (18). The promotion of PA should emphasize the benefits to Diabetes and its safety.
- Lack of time and being with friends are not aspects referred to as vital by diabetics, so, PA promotion should not be grounded on these concepts.
- Light, outdoor activities seem to be preferred by diabetics.
- An important element to be considered is to decide who should provide counseling and evidence. In line with previous research (19), current results show that doctors are the best channel to convey information to diabetics. Results from non-diabetics are similar.
- Online PA promotion campaigns must be conveyed with personal information to be a specific target to that individual. Otherwise they are inefficient.
- Primary care practitioners can play a key role in promoting PAamong diabetics, both delivering adequate information and encouraging diabetics to become more active (20). Consider that PA promotion based on technology must be viewed as a potential solution of delivering tailored information.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Exercise, Training and Health
Received: 2019/05/24 | Accepted: 2019/07/15

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