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1- Exercise and Sports Science Programme, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.
2- Exercise and Sports Science Programme, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia. , adamalik@usm.my
Abstract:   (227 Views)
Background. Despite well-established evidence that high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) promotes multiple health benefits across various populations, the effectiveness of this protocol as opposed to moderate-intensity interval exercise (MIIE) on individual wellness and exercise motivation is unclear.
Objectives. The present study examined the effect of different work intensities on exercise motivation, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and mental health in physically inactive college students.
Methods. Twenty-four inactive college students (aged 20.8±1.2 years; PA levels=448±80 MET-min/week) were randomized to 12 weeks of HIIE (n=12; 6-10×1-min work-intervals at 90% of MAS) or MIIE (n=12; 6-10×1-min work-intervals at 60% of MAS), both for three days in a week (36 sessions). All the parameters were measured before and after 12 weeks of exercise intervention.
Results. HIIE generated greater improvement in anxiety and depression scores following a 12-week intervention compared to MIIE (all P<0.001, all ES>1.25). Also, the HIIE group elicited an improvement from baseline in overall HRQOL variables (all P<0.03, ES>0.50) compared to only two HRQOL variables in the MIIE group (all P<0.04, ES>0.30). A significant improvement in intrinsic and identified scores was observed after the HIIE intervention (all P<0.02, ES>0.57). In contrast, the MIIE group elicited greater scores in external and amotivation scores following exercise intervention (all P<0.02, ES>0.71).
Conclusion. HIIE intervention seems to be more advantageous in promoting optimal wellness and self-determined motivation among physically inactive college students as established in the present study's findings.
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APPLICABLE REMARKS
  • HIIE elicited greater enhancement in mental health after 12-week interventions compared to MIIE.
  • HIIE produced overall improvement in health-related quality of life after 12-week interventions compared to MIIE.
  • HIIE generated greater improvement in self-determined motivation after 12-week interventions compared to MIIE.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Psychology and its Related Branches
Received: 2024/02/17 | Accepted: 2024/04/24

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