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1- Korea Institute for Applied Anatomy, Korea National Sport University, Seoul, Korea.
2- Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea. , sanford@ewha.ac.kr
Abstract:   (22 Views)
Background. Different factors are important for taekwondo athletes to win competitions. The physiological, technical, tactical, and strength demands of taekwondo have been investigated and several studies have been collected to train in an effective way.
Objectives. The purpose of this study is to categorize the methods for effective taekwondo training according to physiological, technical, strength, and tactical aspects so that taekwondo players can train effectively using the characteristics required during taekwondo training.
Methods. The studies between 2000 and 2024 were selected and 283 papers were collected and referred to this study. Keywords were "Taekwondo performance", "Taekwondo athletes", and "Taekwondo training".
Results. Taekwondo requires the aerobic system as an important component, and for effective training for this, it should be used that it is more effective to train that requires cardiorespiratory endurance training. The flexibility of the hip and knee joints is also an important factor in winning a game. In order to perform taekwondo kicks for a longer period and in a quicker motion, muscular endurance is essential, and training muscular endurance of hamstrings and quadriceps falls under an effective method.
Conclusion. For effective training, it is important to perform aerobic training with intermittent training and minimize rest periods. Static stretches and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretches are effective for hip and knee flexibility, and visual training with red and blue lights is recommended for tactical components. It’s important to work on the muscular endurance of the hamstrings and quadriceps to extend the duration of the kick.
 
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APPLICABLE REMARKS
  • It can be compared with previous studies related to training methods in terms of physiological, technical, muscular strength, and tactical aspects, which are physical factors that affect the performance of taekwondo players. Research on extending the kick duration, which is an important technique in taekwondo, and research on technique performance ability related to the strength of the quadriceps femoris and hamstrings were referred to.

Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Sport Physiology and its related branches
Received: 2024/04/4 | Accepted: 2024/06/7

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