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1- Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia , ivan.belcic@kif.hr
2- Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Abstract:   (472 Views)
Background. Referees are integral part of every handball match which is considered as high-intensity activity and they need to follow the action as close as possible to avoid mistakes in their decisions. The aims of this research were to determine physiological loads of referees during handball matches and whether higher physiological load during match has a significant effect on quality of refereeing. Also, RPE was tested to determine if referees are aware of loads during the match. Methods. The subject sample consisted of 32 handball referees in Premier Croatian handball. First phase of research was conducted in laboratory with functional abilities tests and second phase was measurement of physiological loads and quality of refereeing on official matches. Results. Correlation of physiological loads (time above anaerobic threshold zone) and quality of refereeing showed no significant correlation (R=0.25/R²=0.06/p<0.18), while RPE estimations of referees correlates with measured physiological demands during matches (r=0.55, p<0.05). Physiological loads of handball referees during match is a high-intensity activity with average energy expenditure of 1025.37±210.19 kilocalories. Conclusion. Referees are exposed to high physiological loads during handball matches, but there is no correlation with quality of refereeing measured in time above anaerobic threshold zone. Referees should conduct programmed training to increase their level of functional abilities with special emphasis on increasing anaerobic capacity which is not satisfactory along with their lactic acid tolerance.
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APPLICABLE REMARKS
Referees don’t conduct appropriate training for their anaerobic capacity which is very important as some of most demanding and important match intervals occur in anaerobic zone. These intervals are characterized by a decline in motor and functional abilities as well as cognitive abilities that are significant in the refereeing, such as attention, concentration and decision making (even though it doesn’t have statistically significant impact on quality of refereeing). In order to reduce the possibility of errors caused by these aspects of the refereeing to a minimum, referees should conduct programmed training to increase their level of functional abilities with special emphasis on increasing anaerobic capacity under the supervision or with the guidance of a professional.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Physiology and its related branches
Received: 2021/11/17 | Accepted: 2021/01/12

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