year 5, Issue 4 (Winter 2017)                   Ann Appl Sport Sci 2017, 5(4): 31-38 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Babagoltabar Samakoush H, Norasteh A. Prevalence of Postural Abnormalities of Spine and Shoulder Girdle in Sanda Professionals. Ann Appl Sport Sci. 2017; 5 (4) :31-38
1- Department of Corrective Exercise and Sport Injuries, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran ,
2- Department of Corrective Exercise and Sport Injuries, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (8027 Views)
Background. Performing skilful movement patterns during sport practice sessions and real competition can cause negative adaptations in the musculoskeletal system.
Objectives. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of postural abnormalities of the spine and shoulder girdle among professionals practising Sanda in Mazandaran province.
Methods. Forty professional Sanda athletes participated in this study. The photogrammetric technique was used to record and measure the angle of forward head and forward shoulder. A flexible ruler was used to measure the angle of kyphosis and lordosis.
Results. Based on the findings, the prevalence of abnormalities in the athletes was respectively: 75% forward head, 80% forward shoulder, 85% kyphosis and 65% lordosis. Also, the average angles in athletes included: kyphosis 47±4.63, lordosis 47.40±7.18, forward head 48.02±2.15 and forward shoulder 54.12±2.05 degrees.
Conclusion. Based on the results, it appears that professional Sanda athletes have exposure to alterations in shoulder and spine position, thanks to the sporting condition and type of exercises. Of course, further studies should be performed with large samples to obtain confirmed results. However, coaches and athletes should consider special corrective exercise programmes and perform them to prevent such abnormalities.
Full-Text [PDF 527 kb]   (2444 Downloads)    
• It is suggested that more researches be conducted on the relationship between strength, endurance, and flexibility with the deformities of the spine in these athletes, to ensure better prescription of the corrective exercises.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Kinesiology and Sport Injuries
Received: 2016/06/24 | Accepted: 2017/06/20 | Published: 2017/08/18 | ePublished: 2017/08/18

1. Golmoghani Zadeh N, Paydar A, Zorba E, Baltaci G, editors. Postural analysis of professional sports women with the photography methods. Proceedings of the 11th International Sport Science Congress; 2010.
2. Timothy R, Elliott BC BJ. Applied anatomy and biomechanics in sport. Second Edition Human kinetics. 2009:27-41.
3. Lynch SS, Thigpen CA, Mihalik JP, Prentice WE, Padua D. The effects of an exercise intervention on forward head and rounded shoulder postures in elite swimmers. British journal of sports medicine. 2010;44(5):376-81. [DOI:10.1136/bjsm.2009.066837] [PMID]
4. Sahrmann S. Movement system impairment syndromes of the extremities, cervical and thoracic spines: Elsevier/Mosby; 2011.
5. Ludewig PM, Cook TM. Alterations in shoulder kinematics and associated muscle activity in people with symptoms of shoulder impingement. Physical therapy. 2000;80(3):276-91. [PMID]
6. Rahmani Nia F, Shamsi Majelan A, R NA. The relationship between male weight categories of students with spinal abnormalities. Research on Sport Sciences 2009;6(3):31-48.
7. DA. N. Kinesiology of the musculoskeletal system. 2nd Ed St Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier. 2010:307-78.
8. Rajabi R, Latifi S. the Norm of thoracic curves (kyphosis) and lumbar curve (lordosis) in men and women. Research in sports science. 2010;7:13-30
9. Micheli L, Stein C, O'Brien M, d'Hemecourt P. Spinal injuries and conditions in young athletes: Springer; 2014. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4614-4753-5]
10. Thigpen CA, Padua DA, Michener LA, Guskiewicz K, Giuliani C, Keener JD, et al. Head and shoulder posture affect scapular mechanics and muscle activity in overhead tasks. Journal of Electromyography and kinesiology. 2010;20(4):701-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.jelekin.2009.12.003] [PMID]
11. Karegarfard M, Ghasemi Gh, R M. Assessment of Spinal Curvature in Isfahan University Students. Journal of Isfahan Medical School 2009:762-75
12. Rajabi R, Doherty P, Goodarzi M, Hemayattalab R. Comparison of thoracic kyphosis in two groups of elite Greco-Roman and freestyle wrestlers and a group of non-athletic participants. British journal of sports medicine. 2008;42(3):229-32. [DOI:10.1136/bjsm.2006.033639] [PMID]
13. Daneshmandi H, Alizadeh M, M M. Study of normal alignment and its relationship with some of effective factors in professional athletes. Olympic quarterly 2006;14(1):41-50.
14. Rostami Haji-Abadi M, N R. The profile of body abnormalities among bodybuilders. J Rehabil Sci 2010;6(1):80-9.
15. Muyor J, López-Mi-arro P, Alacid F. Comparison of sagittal lumbar curvature between elite cyclists and non-athletes. Science & Sports. 2013;28(6):e167-e73. [DOI:10.1016/j.scispo.2013.04.003]
16. Lichota M, Plandowska M, Mil P. The shape of anterior-posterior curvatures of the spine in athletes practising selected sports. Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism. 2011;18(2):112-6. [DOI:10.2478/v10197-011-0009-3]
17. Grabara M. Comparison of posture among adolescent male volleyball players and non-athletes. Biology of sport. 2015;32(1):79. [DOI:10.5604/20831862.1127286] [PMID] [PMCID]
18. Grabara M. Analysis of body posture between young football players and their untrained peers. Human Movement. 2012;13(2):120-6. [DOI:10.2478/v10038-012-0012-7]
19. Nicholls JG. The competitive ethos and democratic education: Harvard University Press; 1989.
20. Seidi F, Rajabi R, Ebrahimi TI, Tavanai AR, SJ M. The Iranian flexible ruler reliability and validity in lumbar lordosis measurement. World Journal of sport Sciences 2009;2(2):90-8.
21. Asgaonkar B, Ghumare RP. A study to correlate postural thoracic kyphosis and abdominal muscle strength and endurance. Indian Journal of. 2012;6(1):19.
22. Hajihosseini E, Norasteh A, Shamsi A, H D. The comparison of effect of three programs of strengthening, stretching and comprehensive on upper crossed syndrome. Journal of Research in Rehabilitation Sciences. 2015;11(1):123-32.
23. Nguyen A-D, Shultz SJ. Identifying relationships among lower extremity alignment characteristics. Journal of athletic training. 2009;44(5):511-8. [DOI:10.4085/1062-6050-44.5.511] [PMID] [PMCID]
24. Sadeghi M, Ghasemi G M, F I. Comparing selected spinal column postural abnormalities of professional and amateur Wushu athletes with those of non-athletes. Journal of Research in Rehabilitation Sciences. 2012;8(3):583-90.
25. SHOJA AS, SADEGHI H, BAYAT TM. Relationship between the trunk muscles endurance and anthropometric characters with low back pain among athletes with lumbar lordosis. 2009.
26. Ghorbani L, Daneshjoo AH, AB N. Assessment of the prevalence of kyphosis disorders in students. J Rehabil Sci 2008;4(2):145-52.
27. Ackland TR, Elliott B, Bloomfield J. Applied anatomy and biomechanics in sport: Human Kinetics; 2009.

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Annals of Applied Sport Science

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb