Summer                   Back to the articles list | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

1- PhD Exercise Psychology Department, Sport Sciences Faculty, Imam Reza International University, Mashhad, Iran ,
2- Professor Physical Education Department, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran
3- Professor Motor Behavior Department, Sport Sciences Faculty, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract:   (111 Views)
Background. Although most people are aware of the advantages of physical exercise, they fail to adhere to a regular routine of exercise, which necessitates this intervention.
Objectives. In this study, by controlling the moderating role of the variable of commitment to exercise, the effect of a special cognitive-behavioral intervention on the commitment and adherence to an exercise routine has been investigated in adults.
Methods. The statistical population for this study comprises 635 people with over 10 years' professional experience. Of this number, 235 were selected. Then, 80 employees were randomly assigned to two groups, experimental and control, with 40 members each. The experimental group was trained in cognitive-behavioral therapy for four months over 14 sessions. To collect the data on commitment and adherence to the exercise routine, a questionnaire was used.
Results. When the effect of the pretest variable on the dependent variable was adjusted, it was observed that there is a significant difference (p<0.01) between the means of the scores for commitment to exercise and adherence to exercise routine. The covariance test revealed that the difference in the adherence to exercise routine in both the experimental and control groups, after controlling the effects of commitment to exercise, was not significant (p<0.05).
Conclusion. The findings show that adherence to exercise routine can be improved in people by cognitive-behavioral intervention, using the moderating role of the variable of commitment to exercise and eliminating the gap between the intention to exercise and commitment to exercise. Therefore, counselors and therapists can use the cognitive-behavioral intervention protocol to improve the commitment to exercise and adherence to exercise routine.
Full-Text [PDF 544 kb]   (16 Downloads)    
• Regular physical activity is a major factor in disease prevention and the improvement of physical and mental health. However, the chief concern is non-adherence to regular exercises. Therefore, physicians and counselors can use cognitive-behavioral therapy as a method to improve commitment and adherence to a regular exercise routine.
• The ease of access to training facilities is potentially beneficial for persuading workers to participate in these programs, but it can be challenging to persuade them to participate regularly. Therefore, it is recommended that if organizations, institutes, and industrial centers want to enhance their staff participation in sports programs, they can apply such a protocol.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Exercise, Training and Health
Received: 2017/08/29 | Accepted: 2017/11/28

1. Gillespie LD. Interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community. 2012.
2. Buchner DM, Beresford SA, Larson EB, LaCroix AZ, Wagner EH. Effects of physical activity on health status in older adults II: Intervention studies. Annual review of public health. 1992;13(1):469-88. [DOI:10.1146/annurev.pu.13.050192.002345] [PMID]
3. Tiedemann A, Sherrington C, Lord SR. Predictors of exercise adherence in older people living in retirement villages. Preventive medicine. 2011;6(52):480-1. [DOI:10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.03.015] [PMID]
4. Weinberg RS, Gould D. Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 6E: Human Kinetics; 2014.
5. Roberts GC, Spink KS, Pemberton CL. Learning experiences in sport psychology: Human Kinetics 1; 1999.
6. Stonerock GL, Blumenthal JA. Role of counseling to promote adherence in healthy lifestyle medicine: strategies to improve exercise adherence and enhance physical activity. Progress in cardiovascular diseases. 2017;59(5):455-62. [DOI:10.1016/j.pcad.2016.09.003] [PMID] [PMCID]
7. Marcus BH, Lewis BA, King TK, Albrecht AE, Hogan J, Bock B, et al. Rationale, design, and baseline data for commit to quit ii: an evaluation of the efficacy of moderate-intensity physical activity as an aid to smoking cessation in women☆. Preventive Medicine. 2003;36(4):479-92. [DOI:10.1016/S0091-7435(02)00051-8]
8. Snyder C, Cheavens JS, Michael ST. Hope Theory: History and Elaborated Model. 2005.
9. Weiss MR, Kimmel LA, Smith AL. Determinants of sport commitment among junior tennis players: Enjoyment as a mediating variable. Pediatric Exercise Science. 2001;13(2):131-44. [DOI:10.1123/pes.13.2.131]
10. Sousa C, Torregrosa M, Viladrich C, Villamarín F, Cruz J. The commitment of young soccer players. Psicothema. 2007;19(2):256-62. [PMID]
11. Scanlan TK, Russell DG, Scanlan LA, Klunchoo TJ, Chow GM. Project on Elite Athlete Commitment (PEAK): IV. Identification of new candidate commitment sources in the Sport Commitment Model. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 2013;35(5):525-35. [DOI:10.1123/jsep.35.5.525] [PMID]
12. Brug J, Oenema A, Ferreira I. Theory, evidence and Intervention Mapping to improve behavior nutrition and physical activity interventions. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2005;2(1):2. [DOI:10.1186/1479-5868-2-2] [PMID] [PMCID]
13. Baucom D, Epstein N. Enhanced cognitive-behavioral therapy for couples. American Psychological Association. 2002;1.
14. Sukhodolsky DG, Kassinove H, Gorman BS. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for anger in children and adolescents: A meta-analysis. Aggression and violent behavior. 2004;9(3):247-69. [DOI:10.1016/j.avb.2003.08.005]
15. Brassington GS, Atienza AA, Perczek RE, DiLorenzo TM, King AC. Intervention-related cognitive versus social mediators of exercise adherence in the elderly. American journal of preventive medicine. 2002;23(2):80-6. [DOI:10.1016/S0749-3797(02)00477-4]
16. Roche L, Dawson DL, Moghaddam NG, Abey A, Gresswell DM. An Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) intervention for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS): a case series approach. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science. 2017;6(2):178-86. [DOI:10.1016/j.jcbs.2017.04.007]
17. Markland D, Tobin VJ. Need support and behavioural regulations for exercise among exercise referral scheme clients: The mediating role of psychological need satisfaction. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 2010;11(2):91-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychsport.2009.07.001]
18. De Bruijn G-J. Understanding college students' fruit consumption. Integrating habit strength in the theory of planned behaviour. Appetite. 2010;54(1):16-22. [DOI:10.1016/j.appet.2009.08.007] [PMID]
19. Scanlan TK, Chow GM, Sousa C, Scanlan LA, Knifsend CA. The development of the sport commitment questionnaire-2 (English version). Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 2016;22:233-46. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.08.002]
20. Krejcie RV, Morgan DW. Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and psychological measurement. 1970;30(3):607-10. [DOI:10.1177/001316447003000308]
21. Derakhshanpoor A, Mousavi MV, Taheri HR. Introducing the Questionnaire of Commitment to Exercise. Global Journal of Health Science. 2016;9(6):151. [DOI:10.5539/gjhs.v9n6p151]
22. Corbin CB, Welk GJ, Corbin WR, Welk KA. Concepts of fitness and wellness: McGraw-Hill; 2001. [PMCID]
23. Becker MH. The health belief model and personal health behavior. Health education monographs. 1974;2:324-473. [DOI:10.1177/109019817400200407]
24. Richard M, Christina MF, Deborah LS, Rubio N, Kennon MS. Intrinsic motivation and exercise adherence. Int J Sport Psychol. 1997;28(4):335-54.
25. Ajzen I. The theory of planned behaviour: reactions and reflections. Taylor & Francis; 2011.
26. Deci EL, Ryan RM. Facilitating optimal motivation and psychological well-being across life's domains. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie canadienne. 2008;49(1):14. [DOI:10.1037/0708-5591.49.1.14]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2017 All Rights Reserved | Annals of Applied Sport Science

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb