year 7, Issue 3 (Autumn 2019)                   Ann Appl Sport Sci 2019, 7(3): 31-40 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Razavi S M J, Talebpour M, Azimzadeh S M, Mohammadkazemi R. Enhancing Technological Innovation Capabilities: The Role of Human Capital in Iranian Sports Manufacturing Companies. Ann Appl Sport Sci. 2019; 7 (3) :31-40
1- Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Sport Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2- Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Sport Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran ,
3- Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1761 Views)
Background. To effectively response to environmental changes and gain a competitive advantage, sports manufacturing companies should invest in human capital.
Objectives. The study aimed at examining the effects of human capital on technological innovation capabilities in Iranian sports manufacturing companies.
Methods. Conducted applied research and the survey. Data were collected using standard questionnaires in human capital and technological innovation capabilities. The reliability of the questionnaires was 0.81 and 0.85, respectively. The study was conducted on 546 employees from 77 sports manufacturing companies. To evaluate the research hypotheses, structural equation modeling based on partial least-squares method was used.
Results. The study results indicated a significant impact of brand associations on brand equity and brand citizenship behavior; human capital also had a significant impact on technological innovation capabilities. According to ranking results, the three main features of the human capital of sports manufacturing companies respectively were skills and expertise, knowledge, and experience.
Conclusion. The main factors can significantly affect the development of human capital and technological innovation capabilities in Iranian sports manufacturing companies.
Full-Text [PDF 948 kb]   (489 Downloads)    
  • Considering the results of the current research and the importance of each dimension of human capital and influencing factors, it is recommended that the managers and owners of Iran's sports manufacturing companies create a knowledge management system, a database of experienced individuals of the firm, and discover, attract, and train the staff, support employees to develop new ideas, and determine the path of career improvement for employees.
  • It is also suggested that, based on the dimensions of technological innovation capabilities found in the present study, the managers of Iranian sports manufacturing companies should work on their research and development departments to, along with upgrading innovative products, observe the daily improvement of the sports manufacturing companies of Iran.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Management and its related branches
Received: 2019/02/3 | Accepted: 2019/04/28 | Published: 2019/05/3 | ePublished: 2019/05/3

1. Arthur O, Sheffrin SM. Prentice Hall economics: principles in action: Pearson Prentice Hall; 2003.
2. Zhang B. Statistical analysis of china sports industrial listed companies' development influence factors. Journal of Engineering Technology. 2018;6(1):94-103.
3. Moore DB, Gray DP. Marketing-The Blueprint for Successful Physical Education. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation Dance. 1990;61(1):23-7. [DOI:10.1080/07303084.1990.10606406]
4. Damanpour F. Organizational innovation: A meta-analysis of effects of determinants and moderators. Academy of management journal. 1991;34(3):555-90. [DOI:10.5465/256406]
5. Aljanabi ARA. The mediating role of absorptive capacity on the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and technological innovation capabilities. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior Research in Human Resources Management. 2018;24(4):818-41. [DOI:10.1108/IJEBR-07-2017-0233]
6. Zawislak PA, Cherubini Alves A, Tello-Gamarra J, Barbieux D, Reichert FM. Innovation capability: From technology development to transaction capability. Journal of technology management innovation. 2012;7(2):14-27. [DOI:10.4067/S0718-27242012000200002]
7. Lee C, Hallak R, Sardeshmukh SR. Innovation, entrepreneurship, and restaurant performance: A higher-order structural model. Journal of Tourism Management. 2016;53:215-28. [DOI:10.1016/j.tourman.2015.09.017]
8. McGuirk H, Lenihan H, Hart M. Measuring the impact of innovative human capital on small firms' propensity to innovate. Journal of Research Policy. 2015;44(4):965-76. [DOI:10.1016/j.respol.2014.11.008]
9. Nasehi Far V, Amiri M, Mobarakabadi H. Components of Human Resource Development of Small and Medium Enterprise (SMEs) to Improving Their performance. Research in Human Resources Management. 2018;10(3):1-25. [Article in Farsi].
10. Naderi A, Heidari T, Amiri A. Relationship between Human Capital and Organizational Performance: The Case of Asia Insurance Company. Research on Educational Leadership and Management. 2016;2(5):1-30. [Article in Farsi].
11. Jogaratnam G. Human capital, organizational orientations and performance: Evidence from the restaurant industry. International Journal of Hospitality Tourism Administration. 2018;19(4):416-39. [DOI:10.1080/15256480.2017.1348920]
12. Nyberg AJ, Moliterno TP, Hale Jr D, Lepak DP. Resource-based perspectives on unit-level human capital: A review and integration. Journal of Management. 2014;40(1):316-46. [DOI:10.1177/0149206312458703]
13. Assaf AG, Deery M, Jago L. Evaluating the performance and scale characteristics of the Australian restaurant industry. Journal of Hospitality Tourism Research. 2011;35(4):419-36. [DOI:10.1177/1096348010380598]
14. Aziz NA, Omar NA. Exploring the effect of Internet marketing orientation, Learning Orientation and Market Orientation on innovativeness and performance: SME (exporters) perspectives. Journal of Business Economics Management. 2013;14(sup1):S257-S78. [DOI:10.3846/16111699.2011.645865]
15. J RSM, Zarei M, Ghahremantabrizi K. Identify and rank the factors influencing entrepreneurship in sports with an integrated approach to multi-criteria analysis and Kaplan. Journal of Sport Management. 2016;23:113-30. [Article in Farsi].
16. Joo H-Y, Seo Y-W, Min H. Examining the effects of government intervention on the firm's environmental and technological innovation capabilities and export performance. International Journal of Production Research. 2018;56(18):6090-111. [DOI:10.1080/00207543.2018.1430902]
17. Khadim RA, Asghar M, Khan R, Farooq O, Afzal M, Sciences S. Determining the Role of Transformational Leadership on Firm Performance through Organizational Innovation and Technological Innovation Capabilities. Journal of European Online Journal of Natural. 2016;5(4):pp. 951-65.
18. De Winne S, Sels L. Interrelationships between human capital, HRM and innovation in Belgian start-ups aiming at an innovation strategy. The International Journal of Human Resource Management. 2010;21(11):1863-83. [DOI:10.1080/09585192.2010.505088]
19. Bank W. Gross domestic product. World Development Indicators, The World Bank. 2017.
20. Mahsud R, Yukl G, Prussia GE. Human capital, efficiency, and innovative adaptation as strategic determinants of firm performance. Journal of Leadership Organizational Studies. 2011;18(2):229-46. [DOI:10.1177/1548051811400750]
21. Bayon MC, Lafuente E, Vaillant Y. Human capital and the decision to exploit innovative opportunity. Journal of Management Decision. 2016;54(7):1615-32. [DOI:10.1108/MD-04-2015-0130]
22. D'Este P, Rentocchini F, Vega-Jurado J. The role of human capital in lowering the barriers to engaging in innovation: evidence from the Spanish innovation survey. Journal of Industry. 2014;21(1):1-19. [DOI:10.1080/13662716.2014.879252]
23. Oliveira SRM, Alves JL, Boer H. Innovation in the product development process and performance of firm: An experience of value co-creation based on incorporation of technological innovations by the 3D modeling and additive manufacturing. Journal of Procedia CIRP. 2017;62:452-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.procir.2016.06.090]
24. Nelson RR, Phelps ES. Investment in humans, technological diffusion, and economic growth. Journal of The American economic review. 1966;56(1/2):69-75.
25. Hadjimanolis A. A resource-based view of innovativeness in small firms. Journal of Technology analysis Strategic management. 2000;12(2):263-81. [DOI:10.1080/713698465]
26. Wadhwa P, McCormick M, Musteen M. Technological innovation among internationality active SMEs in the Czech economy: Role of human and social capital of CEO. Journal of European Business Review. 2017;29(2):164-80. [DOI:10.1108/EBR-12-2015-0156]
27. Herman H, Hady H, Arafah W. The Influence of Market Orientation and Product Innovation on the Competitive Advantage and Its Implication toward Small and Medium Enterprises (UKM) Performance. International Journal of Science Engineering Invention. 2018;4(08):08 to 21-08 to 21.
28. Ansari M, Ashrafi S, Jebli H. The Impact of Human Capital on Green Innovation. Industrial Management Journal. 2016;8(2):141-62. [Article in Farsi].
29. Kong E. A qualitative analysis of social intelligence in nonprofit organizations: external knowledge acquisition for human capital development, organizational learning and innovation. Journal of Knowledge Management Research Practice. 2015;13(4):463-74. [DOI:10.1057/kmrp.2013.63]
30. van Uden A, Knoben J, Vermeulen P. Human capital and innovation in Sub-Saharan countries: a firm-level study. Journal of Innovation. 2017;19(2):103-24. [DOI:10.1080/14479338.2016.1237303]
31. Jahanian R. Study of human resource development standards at marine educational organizations. Teaching in Marine Science. 2018;5(3):103-17. [Article in Farsi].
32. Vidotto JDF, Ferenhof HA, Selig PM, Bastos RC. A human capital measurement scale. Journal of Intellectual Capital. 2017;18(2):316-29. [DOI:10.1108/JIC-08-2016-0085]
33. Bontis N. Intellectual capital: an exploratory study that develops measures and models. Journal of Management decision. 1998;36(2):63-76. [DOI:10.1108/00251749810204142]
34. Liu L, Jiang Z, Systems D. Influence of technological innovation capabilities on product competitiveness. Journal of Industrial Management. 2016;116(5):883-902. [DOI:10.1108/IMDS-05-2015-0189]
35. Camisón C, Villar-López A. Organizational innovation as an enabler of technological innovation capabilities and firm performance. Journal of business research. 2014;67(1):2891-902. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbusres.2012.06.004]
36. Magner N, Welker RB, Campbell TL. Testing a model of cognitive budgetary participation processes in a latent variable structural equations framework. Journal of Accounting Business Research. 1996;27(1):41-50. [DOI:10.1080/00014788.1996.9729530]
37. Moss S, Prosser H, Costello H, Simpson N, Patel P, Rowe S, et al. Reliability and validity of the PAS‐ADD Checklist for detecting psychiatric disorders in adults with intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 1998;42(2):173-83. [DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2788.1998.00116.x] [PMID]
38. Chin WW. The partial least squares approach to structural equation modeling. journal of Modern methods for business research. 1998;295(2):295-336.
39. Yen Y-F. The impact of bank's human capital on organizational performance: How innovation influences performance. Journal of Innovation. 2013;15(1):112-27. [DOI:10.5172/impp.2013.15.1.112]
40. Engström TE, Westnes P, Furdal Westnes S. Evaluating intellectual capital in the hotel industry. Journal of intellectual capital. 2003;4(3):287-303. [DOI:10.1108/14691930310487761]
41. Marimuthu M, Arokiasamy L, Ismail M. Human capital development and its impact on firm performance: Evidence from developmental economics. Journal of international social research. 2009;2(8).
42. Edralin DM. Human capital development for innovation in Asia: Training and development practices and experiences of large Philippine companies. Asian Journal of Technology Innovation. 2007;15(1):133-47. [DOI:10.1080/19761597.2007.9668632]
43. Ganotakis P. Founders' human capital and the performance of UK new technology based firms. Journal of Small Business Economics. 2012;39(2):495-515. [DOI:10.1007/s11187-010-9309-0]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2017 All Rights Reserved | Annals of Applied Sport Science

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb