year 8, Issue 3 (Autumn 2020)                   Ann Appl Sport Sci 2020, 8(3): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Taheri Hossseinabadi M, Tayebi Sani S M, Bahmanpour H, Fahiminejad A. Measurement of Sound Level in Sport Natural Areas Using the Maintaining Athletes’ Health Approach. Ann Appl Sport Sci. 2020; 8 (3)
URL: http://aassjournal.com/article-1-772-en.html
1- Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Science, Shahrood Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrood, Iran
2- Department of Environment, Faculty of Engineering, Shahrood Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrood, Iran
Abstract:   (797 Views)
Background. Numerous studies have been shown that exposure to recreational intense sounds increases the damages of the hearing system.
Objectives. This research aims to measure the sound level in Darakeh mountainous region and the climbing routes.
Methods. The stationary method was used to record the measurement points. The sound level on the routes was measured in the distance of one meter, in A level and as an equivalent level by a portable device and Decibel X software (Version 2019) and compared with the standard sound (OSHA-90 dBA). Sound pressure level parameters (SPL), average sound level ((LP) ̅), equivalent continuous sound level (Leq) and personal daily dose LAEp, d was also calculated.
Results. The research findings indicate that the lowest and highest average sound level belongs to the station 9 (roadside) with 68.1 dB and station 6 (Kolbeh Koohsar restaurant) with 81.73 dB, respectively. The results show the relatively high distance of sound level in most stations (except station 2) in comparison with the international standards. The average sound level in climbing routes, the equivalent level, and the personal daily dosage were 77.3, 87.69, and 86.44 dB, respectively.
Conclusion. Considering conditions of the region, the average time of athlete presence is one hour longer than the allowed time and they are exposed to high noise pollution which can be lead to physiological complications, aggression and temporary changes in the hearing threshold.
Full-Text [PDF 1397 kb]   (203 Downloads)    
 
 
APPLICABLE REMARKS
Based on the results of the present study, it is suggested that managers and planners in the study area focus on several issues. The first is to remove sources of noise pollution in the study area and the second is to select alternative routes. It is also advisable to inform athletes and users through guides. Many athletes are unaware of the serious damage caused by noise pollution.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Management and its related branches
Received: 2019/08/3 | Accepted: 2019/12/23 | Published: 2020/05/10 | ePublished: 2020/05/10

References
1. Agrawal Y, Niparko JK, Dobie RA. Estimating the effect of occupational noise exposure on hearing thresholds: the importance of adjusting for confounding variables. Ear Hear. 2010;31(2):234-7. [DOI:10.1097/AUD.0b013e3181c6b9fd] [PMID]
2. Vogiatzis K. Airport environmental noise mapping and land use management as an environmental protection action policy tool. The case of the Larnaka International Airport (Cyprus). Sci Total Environ. 2012;424:162-73. [DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.02.036] [PMID]
3. WHO. Burden of disease from environmental noise quantification of healthy life years lost in Europe 2011. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe; 2011.
4. Clark C, Head J, Stansfeld SA. Longitudinal effects of aircraft noise exposure on children's health and cognition: A six-year follow-up of the UK RANCH cohort. J Environ Psychol. 2013;35:1-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.jenvp.2013.03.002]
5. Parkes A, Kearns A, Atkinson R. What Makes People Dissatisfied with their Neighbourhoods? Urban Stud. 2016;39(13):2413-38. [DOI:10.1080/0042098022000027031]
6. Yang W, Kang J. Acoustic comfort evaluation in urban open public spaces. Appl Acoustics. 2005;66(2):211-29. [DOI:10.1016/j.apacoust.2004.07.011]
7. Bazaras J. Internal Noise Modelling Problems of Transport Power Equipment. Transport. 2006;21(1):19-24. [DOI:10.3846/16484142.2006.9638035]
8. Zannin PHT, Calixto A, Diniz FB, Ferreira JAC. A survey of urban noise annoyance in a large Brazilian city: the importance of a subjective analysis in conjunction with an objective analysis. Environ Impact Asses Rev. 2003;23(2):245-55. [DOI:10.1016/S0195-9255(02)00092-6]
9. Sommerhoff J, Recuero M, Suárez E. Community noise survey of the city of Valdivia, Chile. Appl Acoustics. 2004;65(7):643-56. [DOI:10.1016/j.apacoust.2004.01.003]
10. Babisch W, Pershagen G, Selander J, Houthuijs D, Breugelmans O, Cadum E, et al. Noise annoyance--a modifier of the association between noise level and cardiovascular health? Sci Total Environ. 2013;452-453:50-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.02.034] [PMID]
11. Emmett SD, Francis HW. The socioeconomic impact of hearing loss in U.S. adults. Otol Neurotol. 2015;36(3):545-50. [DOI:10.1097/MAO.0000000000000562] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. Babisch W, Kamp I. Exposure-response relationship of the association between aircraft noise and the risk of hypertension. Noise Health. 2009;11(44):161-8. [DOI:10.4103/1463-1741.53363] [PMID]
13. Munzel T, Sorensen M, Schmidt F, Schmidt E, Steven S, Kroller-Schon S, et al. The Adverse Effects of Environmental Noise Exposure on Oxidative Stress and Cardiovascular Risk. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2018;28(9):873-908. [DOI:10.1089/ars.2017.7118] [PMID] [PMCID]
14. Hassmen P, Koivula N. Cardiac deceleration in elite golfers as modified by noise and anxiety during putting. Percept Mot Skills. 2001;92(3 Pt 2):947-57. [DOI:10.2466/pms.2001.92.3c.947] [PMID]
15. Hansell AL, Blangiardo M, Fortunato L, Floud S, de Hoogh K, Fecht D, et al. Aircraft noise and cardiovascular disease near Heathrow airport in London: small area study. BMJ. 2013;347:f5432. [DOI:10.1136/bmj.f5432] [PMID]
16. Stansfeld S, Haines M, Brown B. Noise and health in the urban environment. Rev Environ Health. 2000;15(1-2):43-82. [DOI:10.1515/REVEH.2000.15.1-2.43] [PMID]
17. Stansfeld SA, Matheson MP. Noise pollution: non-auditory effects on health. Br Med Bull. 2003;68:243-57. [DOI:10.1093/bmb/ldg033] [PMID]
18. Klatte M, Bergstrom K, Lachmann T. Does noise affect learning? A short review on noise effects on cognitive performance in children. Front Psychol. 2013;4:578. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00578] [PMID] [PMCID]
19. Blanchfield BB, Feldman JJ, Dunbar J. The severely to profoundly hearing impaired population in the United States: prevalence and demographics. Policy Anal Brief H Ser. 1999;1(1):1-4.
20. Vogel I, Brug J, van der Ploeg CP, Raat H. Young people's exposure to loud music: a summary of the literature. Am J Prev Med. 2007;33(2):124-33. [DOI:10.1016/j.amepre.2007.03.016] [PMID]
21. Muhr P, Rasmussen F, Rosenhall U. Prevalence of hearing loss among 18-year-old Swedish men during the period 1971-1995. Scand J Public Health. 2007;35(5):524-32. [DOI:10.1080/14034940701281477] [PMID]
22. Sorensen M, Andersen ZJ, Nordsborg RB, Jensen SS, Lillelund KG, Beelen R, et al. Road traffic noise and incident myocardial infarction: a prospective cohort study. PLoS One. 2012;7(6):e39283. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0039283] [PMID] [PMCID]
23. WHO. Burden of Disease from Environmental Noise. Quantification of Health Life Years Lost in Europe. Copenhagen, Denmark: World Health Organization and Joint Research Council; 2011.
24. Babisch W, Houthuijs D, Pershagen G, Cadum E, Katsouyanni K, Velonakis M, et al. Annoyance due to aircraft noise has increased over the years--results of the HYENA study. Environ Int. 2009;35(8):1169-76. [DOI:10.1016/j.envint.2009.07.012] [PMID]
25. Abbaspoor M. Environmental engineering: Islamic Azad University publication; 2016.
26. WG-AEN. Good practice guide for strategic noise mapping and the production of associated data on noise exposure. European Commission Working Group Assessment of Exposure to Noise (WG-AEN); 2007.
27. Ghanbari M, Nadafi K, Mosaferi M, Yoonesian M, Aslani H. Study of noise pollution in the city of Tabriz in commercial and residential districts of Iran. J Health Environ Iranian Soc Environ Health. 2011;3:375-84.
28. Javaherian M, Abedi A, Esmaeili S, Khoeini F, Abedini Y, Asadi A, et al. Survey of Noise Pollution in Zanjan, and Comparing them with Standards. Int J Sci Eng Res. 2018;9(12):845-8. [DOI:10.14299/ijser.2018.12.03]
29. Barbaresco GQ, Reis AVP, Lopes GDR, Boaventura LP, Castro AF, Vilanova TCF, et al. Effects of environmental noise pollution on perceived stress and cortisol levels in street vendors. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2019;82(5):331-7. [DOI:10.1080/15287394.2019.1595239] [PMID]
30. Sukru D, Celalettin O, Hakan K, Sain K. Noise pollution and map of Konja city in Turkey. J Int Environ Appl Sci. 2006;1(1-2):63-72.
31. Clark WW. Noise exposure from leisure activities: a review. J Acoust Soc Am. 1991;90(1):175-81. [DOI:10.1121/1.401285] [PMID]
32. Dalton DS, Cruickshanks KJ, Wiley TL, Klein BEK, Klein R, Tweed TS. Association of Leisure-Time Noise Exposure and Hearing Loss:Asociación entre exposición a ruido durante el tiempo libre e hipoacusia. Int J Audiol. 2001;40(1):1-9. [DOI:10.3109/00206090109073095]
33. Tin LL, Lim OP. A study on the effects of discotheque noise on the hearing of young patrons. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2000;12(1):37-40. [DOI:10.1177/101053950001200108] [PMID]
34. Bahmanpour H, Salajegheh B, Mafi A. Investigating the Environmental Situation of Darband Mountains, Environmental Report. Environmental and Energy Research Center; 2011.
35. IOC. Agenda21 for Sport. Lausanne: International Olympic Committee; nternational Olympic Committee.
36. Chernushenko D, van der Kamp A, Stubbs D. Sustainable sport management: Running an environmentally, socially and economically responsible organization: UNEP; 2001.
37. OEL. Assessment guideline for Noise and Vibration. Iran Islamic Republic of Iran Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Environmental and Occupational Health Center; 2017.
38. Monazzam MR, Karimi E, Abbaspour M, Nassiri P, Taghavi L. Spatial traffic noise pollution assessment - A case study. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2015;28(3):625-34. [DOI:10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00103] [PMID]
39. Dursun Ş, Özdemir C. Preparing the Map of Noise Pollution in Konya City Centre. Konya; 1999.
40. Ringen K. National Conference on Ergonomics, Safety, and Health in Construction summary report. Am J Ind Med. 1994;25(6):775-81. [DOI:10.1002/ajim.4700250602] [PMID]
41. Geravandi S, Takdastan A, Zallaghi E, Vousoghi Niri M, Mohammadi MJ, saki H, et al. Noise Pollution and Health Effects. Jundishapur J Health Sci. 2015;7(1). [DOI:10.5812/jjhs.25357]
42. South T. Managing noise and vibration at work. Oxford: Elsevier; 2004.
43. Golmohammadi R, Monazzam MR, Nourollahi M, Nezafat A, Momen Bellah Fard S. Evaluation of noise propagation characteristics of compressors in tehran oil refinery center and presenting control methods. J Res Health Sci. 2010;10(1):22-30.
44. South T. Managing noise and vibration at work; a practical guide to assessment, measurement and control: Routledge; 2016.
45. Nassiri P, Monazam Esmaeelpour M, Rahimi Foroushani A, Ebrahimi H, Salimi Y. Occupational noise exposure evaluation in drivers of bus transportation of Tehran City. Iran J Health Environ. 2009;2(2):124-31.
46. Ning X, Qi J, Wu C, Wang W. Reducing noise pollution by planning construction site layout via a multi-objective optimization model. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2019;222:218-30. [DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.03.018]
47. Lu S. Transition Countermeasures for Sustainable Development of Social Sports and School Sports. 2nd International Conference on Social Sciences, Arts and Humanities; Iran2018.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

© 2017 All Rights Reserved | Annals of Applied Sport Science

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb