year 8, Issue 1 (Spring 2020)                   Ann Appl Sport Sci 2020, 8(1): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Filippou F, Rokka S, Kouli O, Koupani A, Masadis G, Bebetsos E, et al . The Students’ Behavior Self-evaluation Scale in a Greek Multicultural Educational Frame. Ann Appl Sport Sci. 2020; 8 (1)
1- Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini, Greece ,
2- Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini, Greece
Abstract:   (524 Views)
Background. The subject of PE is often considered as a field of equal opportunities and cultural coexistence, which facilitate social skills and create a harmonic environment. Sports are a most suitable field for developing social skills, facing the “different” and embodying normally all the participants who come from different cultural environments.
Objectives. The aim of this study was to control the validity and credibility of the Greek version Student’s Behaviors’Self-evaluation Scale, in a Greek multicultural educational environment and specifically in relation to secondary school students during their participating in the physical education classes. The psychometrical qualities of the scale were examined in addition to the influence of gender and age, as factors which differentiate the social skills of students.
Methods. The participants of the research were 182 male and female students studying in six multicultural secondary Schools in distinct geographical areas. The statistical analyses that were applied were: Confirmatory factor analysis, Reliability analysis, Independent-sample t-test and one-way ANOVA analysis.
Results. The results showed that the internal consistency of the sub-scales was high, since α Cronbach fluctuated in high levels (goals 0.84, rewards 0.85, relations 0.88, irresponsibility 0.78 and help 0.79). The confirmatory factor analysis certified the suggested structure of the climax (χ2 (413.33) / d.f. (109) = 3.79; P < 0.05; NFI=0.91, CFI=0.92, RMSEA=0.075 and SRMR=0.042).
Conclusion. Therefore, the results confirmed the suitability of the Students’ Behavior Self-evaluation Scale for the Greek school environment during physical education lesson. In addition, there was a confirmation that gender is a differentiation factor, while class (age) is not.
Full-Text [PDF 702 kb]   (113 Downloads)    
- The Students’ Behavior Self-evaluation Scale has appropriate validity and reliability as well as high sensitivity and is suitable in a multicultural education context during Physical Education’s lesson.
- The Physical Education’s teachers can use the SBSS to evaluate the social skills of their students.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Physical Education Learning
Received: 2019/05/22 | Accepted: 2019/08/1

1. Dimas I. The transformation of cultural creation: from traditional society to the modern industrial world. In: Avdikos E, editor. Choreftika Eteroklita: Greek Letters; 2004. p. 291-6.
2. Avdikos E. Feαst and dance groups: experience and revival of tradition. In: Avdikos E, editor. Choreftika Eteroklita: Greek Letters; 2004. p. 203-12.
3. Papaioannou A, Y T, Goudas M. For a better physical education. Thessaloniki: Christodoulidis; 2003.
4. Danish SJ, Nellen VC. New Roles for Sport Psychologists: Teaching Life Skills Through Sport to At-Risk Youth. Quest. 1997;49(1):100-13. [DOI:10.1080/00336297.1997.10484226]
5. Gresham FM, Elliott SN. Social skills rating system: Manual: American Guidance Service; 1990.
6. Riggio RE. Assessment of basic social skills. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1986;51(3):649-60. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.51.3.649]
7. Caldarella P, Merrell KW. Common dimensions of social skills of children and adolescents: A taxonomy of positive behaviors. Sch Psychol Rev. 1997;26(2):264-78.
8. Simons RL, Whitbeck LB, Conger RD, Conger KJ. Parenting factors, social skills, and value commitments as precursors to school failure, involvement with deviant peers, and delinquent behavior. J Youth Adolesc. 1991;20(6):645-64. [DOI:10.1007/BF01537367] [PMID]
9. Segrin C, Hanzal A, Donnerstein C, Taylor M, Domschke TJ. Social skills, psychological well-being, and the mediating role of perceived stress. Anxiety Stress Coping. 2007;20(3):321-9. [DOI:10.1080/10615800701282252] [PMID]
10. Biddle S, Wang CKJ, Kavussanu M, Spray C. Correlates of achievement goal orientations in physical activity: A systematic review of research. Eur J Sport Sci 2003;3(5):1-20. [DOI:10.1080/17461390300073504]
11. Eitan E, Shiri A. Educating Through the Physical - Rationale. Educ Treat Children. 2009;32(3):471-86. [DOI:10.1353/etc.0.0061]
12. Gregoriadis A, Grammatikopoulos V, Zachopoulou E. Evaluating preschoolers' social skills: The impact of a physical education program from the parents' perspectives. Int J Hum Soc Sci. 2013;3(10):40-51.
13. Parry J. Physical Education as Olympic Education. Eur Phys Educ Rev. 2016;4(2):153-67. [DOI:10.1177/1356336X9800400206]
14. Morela E, Hatzigeorgiadis A, Kouli O, Elbe A-M, Sanchez X. Team cohesion and ethnic-cultural identity in adolescent migrant athletes. Int J Intercult Relat. 2013;37(5):643-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2013.05.001]
15. Vorwald M. Best practises. Integrating Multicultural Games & Activities into your PE Curriculum: UWSP; 2012 [Available from:
16. Papageorgiou M, Hassandra M, Hatzigeorgiadis A. Fair Play in Physical Education: Effects of Sex, Age and Intrinsic Motivation. Inq Sport Phys Educ. 2008;6(2):162-8.
17. Margetts K. Children's adjustment to the first year of schooling: indicators of hyperactivity, internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Int J Transit Childhood. 2005;1:36-44.
18. Giavrimis P, Papanis Ε. [Assessment of social competence and Antisocial behavior of school age children] 2007 [Available from:
19. Jurado M, Cumba-Avilés E, Collazo LC, Matos M. Reliability and Validity of a Spanish Version of the Social Skills Rating System-Teacher Form. J Psychoeduc Assess. 2016;24(3):195-209. [DOI:10.1177/0734282906288961]
20. Hassandra M, Goudas M, Theodorakis Y, editors. Variation and relations of fair play behavior, fair play atmosphere and daily morality of physical education students. 12th European Congress of Sport Psychology; 2007; Halkidiki, Greece. [DOI:10.1037/e548052012-031]
21. UNICEF. Discrimination-Racism-Xenophobia in the Hellenic educational system: ΚΑPΑ Research; 2001 [Available from: http://www.unicef. gr/reports /racism. Php.
22. Wong DSW, Lok DPP, Wing Lo T, Ma SK. School Bullying Among Hong Kong Chinese Primary Schoolchildren. Youth Soc. 2007;40(1):35-54. [DOI:10.1177/0044118X07310134]
23. Kagianni S, Filippou F, Bebetsos E, Rokka S, Masadis G. Factorial structure and credibility the Self Evaluation Scale of Social Skills in a Multicultural Educational Environment. 15th Panhellenic Congress of Athletic Psychology with International participation «Exercise - Sports & Psychology: Two Sciences in a dynamic relationship»; Athens2018. p. 98-100.
24. Kellis I, Vernadakis N, Albanidis E, Derri V, Kourtesses T. The development of a students behaviors self-evaluation scale (SBSS) in multicultural physical education class settings. Educ Res Rev. 2010;5(11):637-45.
25. Tirri K, Nokelainen P. Multiple Intelligences Profiling Questionnaire. Measuring Multiple Intelligences and Moral Sensitivities in Education: Sense Publishers; 2011. p. 1-13. [DOI:10.1007/978-94-6091-758-5_1]
26. Banville D, Desrosiers P, Genet-Volet Y. Translating Questionnaires and Inventories Using a Cross-Cultural Translation Technique. J Teach Phys Educ. 2000;19(3):374-87. [DOI:10.1123/jtpe.19.3.374]
27. Mulaik SA, James LR, Van Alstine J, Bennett N, Lind S, Stilwell CD. Evaluation of goodness-of-fit indices for structural equation models. Psychol Bull. 1989;105(3):430-45. [DOI:10.1037/0033-2909.105.3.430]
28. Bentler PM. Comparative fit indexes in structural models. Psychol Bull. 1990;107(2):238-46. [DOI:10.1037/0033-2909.107.2.238] [PMID]
29. McDonald RP, Marsh HW. Choosing a multivariate model: Noncentrality and goodness of fit. Psychol Bull. 1990;107(2):247-55. [DOI:10.1037/0033-2909.107.2.247]
30. Bentler PM. EQS structural equations program manual. Los Angeles: BMDP Statistical Software; 1989.
31. Hu L, Bentler P. Evaluating model fit. In R. Hoyle (Ed.), Structural equation modelling: Issues, concepts, and applications. Newbury Park, CA: Sage; 1995.
32. Browne M, Cudeck R. Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In: Bollen K, editor. Testing structural equation models. Newbury Park, CA: Sage; 1993. p. 136-62.
33. Hu Lt, Bentler PM. Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Struct Equat Mod A Multidiscipl J. 1999;6(1):1-55. [DOI:10.1080/10705519909540118]
34. Derri V, Kellis I, Vernadakis N, Albanidis E, Kioumourtzoglou E. The effect of an intercultural Physical Education Program in comparison to the typical one on students' social skills learning. J Hum Sport Exerc. 2014;9(1):91-102. [DOI:10.4100/jhse.2014.91.10]
35. Malinauskas R, Emeljanovas A. Specificity of schoolchildren's social skills during physical education classes. Croat J Educ. 2013;15(Sp. Ed. 4):51-68.
36. Masadis G. Development of Social Skills in 4th, 5th and 6th grade of Primary School Students through the Teaching of Greek Traditional Dances. Komotini, Greece: Democritus University of Thrace; 2017.
37. Bielecki J, Swender SL. The assessment of social functioning in individuals with mental retardation: a review. Behav Modif. 2004;28(5):694-708. [DOI:10.1177/0145445503259828] [PMID]
38. Fox RA, Keller KM, Grede PL, Bartosz AM. A mental health clinic for toddlers with developmental delays and behavior problems. Res Dev Disabil. 2007;28(2):119-29. [DOI:10.1016/j.ridd.2006.02.001] [PMID]
39. Tjeerdsma B. Physical education as a social and emotional development laboratory. Teach Element Phys Educ. 1999;10(4):12-6.
40. Laker A. The future of physical education: building a new pedagogy. London, UK: Routledge; 2003. [DOI:10.4324/9780203464892]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2017 All Rights Reserved | Annals of Applied Sport Science

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb