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1- Professor of Department of Sport Management, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
2- Professor of Department of Sport Management, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran , parivashnourbakhsh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (13 Views)
Background. Creating proper contexts to maximize sport participation of women with physical-mobility disabilities requires identifying barriers to their participation. It is essential to develop a valid and reliable tool to identify existing barriers.
Objectives. The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a questionnaire for assessing barriers to participation in team sports for women with physical-mobility disabilities.
Methods. The data were collected through theoretical literature, observation and semi-structured interviews with experts and professors of disability sports and women with physical-mobility disabilities selected through purposeful and snowball sampling methods. The main barriers were identified and the questionnaire was then prepared. To carry out statistical analysis on reliability and validity of the tool using factor analysis, the above questionnaire was distributed among 300 statistical samples selected by proportional stratified sampling across the country.
Results. Results of factor analysis showed that it was logical to maintain 10 factors that explained 65.5% of the total variance. All items had a positive contribution to overall reliability.
Conclusions. The final questionnaire (10 factors and 48 questions) was developed that could be a reliable tool for future researches, the results of which can be used by disability sport administrators to adopt policies to ensure active sport participation of women with physical mobility disabilities.
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Applicable Remarks

According to the results of the present research, which showed that individual, psychological, structural, managerial, economic and attitudinal factors, media support, social support, cultural-religious barriers, the role of coach hindered the sport participation of women with physical-mobility disabilities, it seems that the authorities and administrators of the disabled people play the greatest role in the building culture and creating appropriate contexts for the growth and active sport participation of women with disabilities. By focusing on these barriers, the provincial sport committees can adopt programs that enable greater participation of women. Disability sport managers should adopt strategic policies to address these barriers. The Ministry of Sports and Youth can facilitate the barriers associated with a number of these factors by allocating sufficient funds and injecting them into provincial sport committees.


Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Management and its related branches
Received: 2019/10/10 | Accepted: 2019/11/28

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