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1- Exercise and Sports Science, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia ,
2- Exercise and Sports Science, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
Abstract:   (50 Views)
Background. Archery is a sport that demands a high level of fitness due to its long hours of training and competitive nature. Thus, archers need to have high fatigue tolerance and body figure to perform successfully.
Objectives. This study aims to compare and correlate the anthropometric and physical fitness variables on archery shooting performance.
Methods. Participants were youth archers of the Terengganu state team and Malaysia Pahang Sports School from Malaysia (n=12; male: 9 and female: 3; Mean age: 16.0±1.6 years). They were divided into two groups (high-performance, HPA, and low-performance, LPA) based on their preliminary archery score obtained in the early stage of the study. The archery shooting performance was assessed by total shooting score (36 arrows shot from 70 meters distance). Anthropometric (height, body mass, body mass index, body fat percentage, skeletal muscle mass, and arm span), muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, balance, and aerobic fitness were assessed.
Results. Mann-Whitney test showed that height, arm span, handgrip strength, and predicted VO2max showed significant differences between the groups (p<0.05). Spearman correlation showed that height, arm span, right-hand grip, and predicted VO2max significantly correlated with scores (r=0.80, 0.82, 0.61, 0.68).
Conclusion. The result showed that archers with higher height and longer arm span have more advantages in archery. In terms of fitness level, muscular strength and aerobic capacity are essential for the archer to excel in this sport. This finding helps coaches and team managers when conducting talent identification programs and training programs for athletes.
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  • According to the anthropometric dimension, height and arm span showed a positive correlation with the shooting score, and there are significant differences between the groups. Thus, from a coaching practice perspective, it is suggested that coaches could try to recruit archers with taller height and longer arm span into the team. Also, talent scouter and coaches would consider physical characteristics when conducting archery talent identification programs.
  • According to the fitness test results, handgrip strength and cardiovascular endurance showed a positive correlation with the shooting score. Besides, high-performance archers showed a better fitness level than the low-performance archers. Hence, it is crucial to include a fitness program for the training schedule. Coaches and archers should always monitor the fitness level for improvement in performance.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Biomechanics and its related branches
Received: 2020/06/28 | Accepted: 2020/09/18

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