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Babagoltabar Samakoush H, Norasteh A. Prevalence of Postural Abnormalities of Spine and Shoulder Girdle in Sanda Professionals. Ann. Appl. Sport Sci. 2017; 5 (4)
1- MSc Department of Corrective Exercise and Sport Injuries, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran ,
2- Associate Professor Department of Corrective Exercise and Sport Injuries, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (851 Views)
Background. Performing skilful movement patterns during sport practice sessions and real competition can cause negative adaptations in the musculoskeletal system.
Objectives. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of postural abnormalities of the spine and shoulder girdle among professionals practising Sanda in Mazandaran province.
Methods. Forty professional Sanda athletes participated in this study. The photogrammetric technique was used to record and measure the angle of forward head and forward shoulder. A flexible ruler was used to measure the angle of kyphosis and lordosis.
Results. Based on the findings, the prevalence of abnormalities in the athletes was respectively: 75% forward head, 80% forward shoulder, 85% kyphosis and 65% lordosis. Also, the average angles in athletes included: kyphosis 47±4.63, lordosis 47.40±7.18, forward head 48.02±2.15 and forward shoulder 54.12±2.05 degrees.
Conclusion. Based on the results, it appears that professional Sanda athletes have exposure to alterations in shoulder and spine position, thanks to the sporting condition and type of exercises. Of course, further studies should be performed with large samples to obtain confirmed results. However, coaches and athletes should consider special corrective exercise programmes and perform them to prevent such abnormalities.
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• It is suggested that more researches be conducted on the relationship between strength, endurance, and flexibility with the deformities of the spine in these athletes, to ensure better prescription of the corrective exercises.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Kinesiology and Sport Injuries
Received: 2016/06/24 | Accepted: 2017/06/20 | Published: 2017/08/18

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