year 7, Issue 1 (Spring 2019)                   aassjournal 2019, 7(1): 39-47 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Bayati R, Shamsi Majelan A, Mirzaei B, Barbas I. The Effect of 12 Weeks of Wrestling+ Warm-Up Program on Functional Movement Screen Scores in Cadet Wrestlers. aassjournal. 2019; 7 (1) :39-47
1- Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran ,
2- Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
3- Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini, Greece
Abstract:   (1344 Views)
Background. Wrestling is one of the most popular sports in the world. United World Wrestling have developed “Wrestling+” injury prevention program similar to the FIFA 11+.
Objectives. the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of 12 weeks “Wrestling+” warm-up program on Functional Movement Screen scores in cadet wrestlers.
Methods. The study population included all cadet wrestlers of Rasht city and 24 freestyle wrestlers were selected by the convenience sampling and divided into intervention (n=12) and control (n=12)groups. Intervention group performed “Wrestling+” warm-up program for 12 weeks and three times a week and control group performed routine warm-up during the period of research. Functional Movement Screen tests including Deep Squat (DS), Hurdle Step (HS), In-Line Lunge (ILL), Shoulder Mobility (SM), Active Straight Leg Raise (ASLR), Trunk Stability Push Up (PU) and Rotary Stability (RS) were used in pre and post of the program.
Results. There was a significant increase in total Functional Movement Screen, DS, HS, ILL, PU scores, and there were no significant differences in SM, ASLR and RS scores in
intervention group. Also, There was a %66.7 decrease in the number of wrestlers at high risk in Functional Movement Screen tests in intervention group. There was no significant difference in any of the variables in the control group (p≥0.05).
Conclusion. Results of this study showed that the “Wrestling+” warm-up program can improve the fundamental movement patterns, and finally it may avert following injuries.

Full-Text [PDF 959 kb]   (370 Downloads)    
  • It is recommended that wrestlers and coaches use this new warm-up program before the specific training required.
  • Coaches can use the Functional Movement Screen to identify wrestlers at risk of injury.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Kinesiology and Sport Injuries
Received: 2018/10/25 | Accepted: 2018/12/8 | Published: 2019/01/17

1. Mirzaei B, Curby DG, Rahmani-Nia F, Moghadasi M. Physiological profile of elite Iranian junior freestyle wrestlers. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2009;23(8):2339-44. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bb7350] [PMID]
2. Starosta SSW. Selected factors influencing the level of general fitness in elite Greco-Roman wrestlers. Journal of Human Kinetics volume. 2005;14:93-104.
3. Akbarnejad A, Sayyah M. Frequency of sports trauma in elite national level greco-roman wrestling competitions. Archives of trauma research. 2012;1(2):51. [DOI:10.5812/atr.6866] [PMID] [PMCID]
4. Halloran L. Wrestling injuries. Orthopaedic Nursing. 2008;27(3):189-92. [DOI:10.1097/01.NOR.0000320548.20611.16] [PMID]
5. Maffulli N, Longo UG, Gougoulias N, Loppini M, Denaro V. Long-term health outcomes of youth sports injuries. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2010;44(1):21-5. [DOI:10.1136/bjsm.2009.069526] [PMID]
6. Shadgan B, Molnar S, Sikmic S, Chahi A. Wrestling Injuries During The 2016 Rio Olympic Games. Br J Sports Med. 2017;51(4):387-. [DOI:10.1136/bjsports-2016-097372.262]
7. Hewett TE, Pasque C, Heyl R, Wroble R. Wrestling injuries. Epidemiology of Pediatric Sports Injuries. 48: Karger Publishers; 2005. p. 152-78. [DOI:10.1159/000084288] [PMID]
8. Gioftsidou A, Barbas I, Turlykhanov D, Podlivaev B, Tunnemann H, Sahmouratov Y, et al. Wrestling+ and New Structures for Youth Wrestling. International Journal of Wrestling Science. 2015;5(2):93-7. [DOI:10.1080/21615667.2015.1107663]
9. Soligard T, Myklebust G, Steffen K, Holme I, Silvers H, Bizzini M, et al. Comprehensive warm-up programme to prevent injuries in young female footballers: cluster randomised controlled trial. Bmj. 2008;337:a2469. [DOI:10.1136/bmj.a2469] [PMID] [PMCID]
10. Barbas I. GA. Wrestling+ for Youth Wrestler's. Wrestling Symposioym; in Las Vegas2015
11. Bizzini M, Dvorak J. FIFA 11+: an effective programme to prevent football injuries in various player groups worldwide—a narrative review. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49(9):577-9. [DOI:10.1136/bjsports-2015-094765] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. Bahr R, Holme I. Risk factors for sports injuries—a methodological approach. British journal of sports medicine. 2003;37(5):384-92. [DOI:10.1136/bjsm.37.5.384] [PMID] [PMCID]
13. Wilkerson GB, Giles JL, Seibel DK. Prediction of core and lower extremity strains and sprains in collegiate football players: a preliminary study. Journal of athletic training. 2012;47(3):264-72. [DOI:10.4085/1062-6050-47.3.17] [PMID] [PMCID]
14. Cook G, Burton L, Hoogenboom B. Pre-participation screening: The use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function–Part 2. North American journal of sports physical therapy: NAJSPT. 2006;1(3):132. [PMID]
15. Cook G, Burton L, Hoogenboom B. Pre-participation screening: the use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function–part 1. North American journal of sports physical therapy: NAJSPT. 2006;1(2):62. [PMID]
16. Cook G. Movement: Functional movement systems: Screening, assessment, corrective strategies: On Target Publications; 2010.
17. Bodden JG, Needham RA, Chockalingam N. The effect of an intervention program on functional movement screen test scores in mixed martial arts athletes. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2015;29(1):219-25. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182a480bf] [PMID]
18. Kiesel K, Plisky P, Butler R. Functional movement test scores improve following a standardized off‐season intervention program in professional football players. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports. 2011;21(2):287-92. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.01038.x] [PMID]
19. Song H-S, Woo S-S, So W-Y, Kim K-J, Lee J, Kim J-Y. Effects of 16-week functional movement screen training program on strength and flexibility of elite high school baseball players. Journal of exercise rehabilitation. 2014;10(2):124. [DOI:10.12965/jer.140101] [PMID] [PMCID]
20. Nemati N, Norasteh AA, Alizadeh MH. The Effect of FIFA+ 11 Program on Functional Movement Screen Scores of Junior Soccer Players. Annals of Applied Sport Science. 2017;5(3):23-9. [DOI:10.29252/acadpub.aassjournal.5.3.23]
21. Klusemann MJ, Pyne DB, Fay TS, Drinkwater EJ. Online video–based resistance training improves the physical capacity of junior basketball athletes. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2012;26(10):2677-84. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e318241b021] [PMID]
22. Barengo NC, Meneses-Echávez JF, Ramírez-Vélez R, Cohen DD, Tovar G, Bautista JEC. The impact of the FIFA 11+ training program on injury prevention in football players: a systematic review. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2014;11(11):11986-2000. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph111111986] [PMID] [PMCID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2017 All Rights Reserved | Annals of Applied Sport Science

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb