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Abstract (811 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (366 Downloads)   |   Highlights
  • To pay more attention to infrastructures and the construction of home stadiums, pay more attention to the quality of matches as the main product of football, strategic planning to attract and retain spectators and turning them into fanatic and loyal fans, providing desired services in stadiums, encouraging the atmosphere of stadiums free of immorality and aggression, paying close attention to the livelihood of spectators and fans, using media as a powerful tool to create the desired inclination, and influencing the attitude of spectators toward attending matches in stadiums were some essential measures suggested in most of the experts’ mental models.

Abstract (245 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (42 Downloads)   |   Highlights
Regarding the obtained results, HIIT can be used as a non-pharmacological treatment for glycemic control (glucose, insulin, and insulin resistance) and reduction of Dkk-1 (as an atherosclerotic index) in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Abstract (448 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (116 Downloads)   |   Highlights

- Future orientations for sport tourism researches can be further focused on specific areas of tourism, such as free zones and eco-tourism.
- Given Iran's capacity in sport tourism, it is necessary to publish more research articles in reputable foreign publications.
- Collaborative and interdisciplinary researches with geography, environment and cultural heritage researchers can help to deepen and extend this scientific field.
- Researches can be generalized to other provinces whose potential is still unknown from this dimension.
- Directors of tourism in Iran can use sports and other attractions related to recreational activities for tourism development.

Abstract (233 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (66 Downloads)   |   Highlights

- Considering the positive effects of moral orientation and its components on the level of performance of wrestlers, the following items are suggested:
- Managers, officials, and planners in the field of wrestling are recommended to provide a comprehensive training program for the promotion of ethics among wrestlers of different types in order to enhance their moral behaviors under the light of this program and increase their performance more than ever.
- The goals in terms  of the tasks (i e, how to set down and combining the tasks, the short- and long-term goals, assign tasks to practice and work, and finally paying attention to individuals’ differences in doing task), self-confidence, commitment, and coping stresses Individually in precise planning and in combination with modern teaching methods. Also, introducing the ones with better deontological ethics as a tenet can be useful.
- Sports psychologists should be invited to the wrestling camps for training the skills of proper dealing with opponents, control emotions, and empowering the athletes and the way to nurture these skills by psychologists periodically be reviewed to provide the context  for increasing the performance of wrestlers. It is also recommended to make an educational video that covers all educational aspects (illustration, concentration, mental practice) using various visual techniques for wrestlers.

Abstract (138 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (37 Downloads)   |   Highlights

  • Since results showed that socio-cultural factor is one of factors that affect factor in the development of taekwondo in Iran, it is recommended that the officials of Taekwondo to promote socio-cultural factor such as positive changes in the views of the people towards Taekwondo through appropriate advertising and pay particular attention to Taekwondo in schools.
  • Based on our study, technological factor is one of factors that affect factor in the development of taekwondo in Iran. Therefore, it is proposed to introduce strategies such as path the ways for equipping clubs, conducting training courses using foreign professors, using quality equipment for athletes, establishing knowledge management systems in the body of the Taekwondo Federation, and updating the topics of coaching courses.
  • The results from our study suggested that economic factor is one of factors that affect factor in the development of taekwondo in Iran, solutions such as willingness to invest in the private sector for investment like granting bank facilities to invest in taekwondo must be applied. In addition, paying attention to the revenue from the sports clubs, encouraging and supporting the activity of taekwondo players, cooperation between the private sector and the government, and attracting sport tourists through Taekwondo can promote of taekwondo.
  • Current study suggested that political factor is one of factors that affect factor in the development of taekwondo in Iran. Thus, it is proposed to create of supportive laws, establish television broadcasting rights, and develop of foreign investment support laws, increase of the share of Taekwondo budget from the total sport budget of the country and the increase of political relations with other countries.
  • Present study showed that facilities and equipment factor is one of factors that affect factor in the development of taekwondo in Iran. Thus, it is necessary to use strategies such as proper management of sports spaces, the promotion of sports clubs to federations and boards, the proper management of gyms, attention to the revenues of the facilities available to the Iran Taekwondo federation and the clubs and the multifunctional use of sports spaces (competitions, training and talent identification) for promote facilities and equipment factor.

Abstract (126 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (25 Downloads)   |   Highlights
  • Our research shows that in the new era of Karate Kumite, it’s better for both athletes and coaches to focus on punching skills whether in attacks or in defense; however, having a good ability of kicking techniques would be a plus.

Abstract (4 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (5 Downloads)   |   Highlights
- It is suggested that specialized working groups be designed for appropriate executive and operational programs and predict financial, human and facility resources to implement it.
- The strategies to increasing the number and variety of community events and sports festivals, maximum use of available sports space and facilities and organizing regular leagues and domestic and provincial matches have been proposed to remove current condition of futsal in Sulaymaniyah province.
- The results of SWOT analysis show that weaknesses overcome strengths and opportunities over threats, so conservative strategies (Improve internal weaknesses by exploiting existing opportunities) should be used.

Abstract (130 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (50 Downloads)   |   Highlights
- According to the results of this study, people are recommended to use continuous exercise to improve mitochondrial biogenesis and delay cell aging.

Abstract (127 Views) | Full-Text (PDF) (27 Downloads)   |   Highlights
- The Students’ Behavior Self-evaluation Scale has appropriate validity and reliability as well as high sensitivity and is suitable in a multicultural education context during Physical Education’s lesson.
- The Physical Education’s teachers can use the SBSS to evaluate the social skills of their students.

Abstract (78 Views)   |   Highlights

The results of the present study confirm the effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy on the improvement of symptoms of athletes with Bulimia Nervosa; So:
  • It is recommended that this protocol can be used for athletes with eating disorders, especially Bulimia Nervosa, because of the effectiveness and stability of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy.
  • The Eating Disorder Diagnostic Scale (EDDS), along with a Semi-Structured Clinical Interview For DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I) can be used in athletes to diagnose Bulimia Nervosa.

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