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Abstract (481 Views)   |   Full-Text (PDF) (141 Downloads)     |   Highlights
  • According to the present study, tile and ceramic companies are recommended to promote the special value of their brands through supporting professional sports clubs and championship events.

Abstract (200 Views)   |   Full-Text (PDF) (103 Downloads)     |   Highlights
  • Simultaneous tiredness of two or more muscles around a joint can be defined as coordinated fatigue (cofatigue) and might occur between agonist and antagonist muscles, and vary according to the level of sporting activity levels or gender.

Abstract (241 Views)   |   Full-Text (PDF) (62 Downloads)     |   Highlights
1- Fundamental development of different styles of martial arts in Iran;
  • Expansion of martial arts for women and encourage them to take place successfully in Asian and global tournaments;
  • Interaction and consultation with financial and sports sponsors;
  • Interaction with the Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting Organization and the broad reflection of martial arts activities by the national media;
  • Establishment and deployment of a marketing and revenue generation system in the federation;
  • Empowerment of human resources and effective communication and participation in international sports associations;
  • Development of infrastructures and facilities of martial arts in Iran;
  • Performing research activities and establishing a statistical information system for athletes, instructors, judges, and places in martial arts;
  • Extensive supervision of the activities of martial art styles and places in Iran.
2- The mission of the Iran Martial Arts Federation is relied on the following items:
  • The familiarity of the various generations with different covered styles, increasing the number of male and female audience in Iran, and investing at the basic range, promotion of the scientific and technical instructors and coaches, and effective presence in Asian Federations, and taking place in in Asian and global events.
3- The vision of the Iran Martial Arts Federation was determined by the Delphi method:
  • The Iran Martial Arts Federation is developed at the national level with an appropriate rank and holding special position at international tournaments.

Abstract (55 Views)   |   Full-Text (PDF) (27 Downloads)     |   Highlights

• The results of the research can help sports managers of free zones to:
1. Provide students with a more authentic and enjoyable sport experience in physical education.
2. Increase the skills of physical fitness, competency, literacy, and enthusiasm among students
3. Organize the students into mixed-ability teams to stay together throughout the season.
4. Turn the level of sport curriculum from a traditional and simple one into a standard and new which is similar to professional sport.
5. Teach students to be responsible and regular in sport classes.
6. Teach students to be cooperative.

Abstract (212 Views)   |   Full-Text (PDF) (61 Downloads)     |   Highlights
  • Setting up specific rules in the sports and youth departments to use social networks at workplace.
  • Monitoring the extent to which employees of the sports and youth departments use social networks at workplace by the managers and supervisors.
  • Notify the employees of the sports and youth departments of the negative consequences of using social networks at workplace.
  • Training staff of sports and youth departments to use social networks in line with organizational goals.
  • Determining the total time spent on social networks at the workplace.
  • Creating virtual teams to facilitate intraorganizational communication and solving work problems.

Abstract (318 Views)   |   Full-Text (PDF) (111 Downloads)     |   Highlights
  • To pay more attention to infrastructures and the construction of home stadiums, pay more attention to the quality of matches as the main product of football, strategic planning to attract and retain spectators and turning them into fanatic and loyal fans, providing desired services in stadiums, encouraging the atmosphere of stadiums free of immorality and aggression, paying close attention to the livelihood of spectators and fans, using media as a powerful tool to create the desired inclination, and influencing the attitude of spectators toward attending matches in stadiums were some essential measures suggested in most of the experts’ mental models.

Abstract (38 Views)   |   Full-Text (PDF) (15 Downloads)     |   Highlights

- It is suggested to marketers to evaluate the satisfaction of their products in regular periods through field surveys among the consumer, and to note that as long as consumer satisfaction is high, his purchasing behavior increases from that product.
- Marketers and manufacturers should note that changing consumer attitudes is a gradual process that can gradually increase consumer purchasing.
- Consumers are advised to make a general program that is tailored to their needs before purchasing.

Abstract (7 Views)   |   Full-Text (PDF) (1 Downloads)     |   Highlights
Regarding the obtained results, HIIT can be used as a non-pharmacological treatment for glycemic control (glucose, insulin, and insulin resistance) and reduction of Dkk-1 (as an atherosclerotic index) in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Abstract (63 Views)   |   Full-Text (PDF) (30 Downloads)     |   Highlights

1.  Students at Saudi universities who major in physical education should improve their English language, in general, and English sport terminology, in particular.
2.  Educators and curriculum designers need to design English for specific purposes course, i.e. English for sports to be studied by students at Saudi universities.
3.  Saudi universities need to hire English language instructors who are knowledgeable in English sport terminology.

Abstract (105 Views)   |   Full-Text (PDF) (53 Downloads)     |   Highlights

The results of the research show that the deprived areas of Mashhad have weaker sports and recreational facilities. Therefore, fair investment is needed for the deprived areas of the city of Mashhad, especially the 5th and 6th areas. It is also necessary to upgrade the facilities in the sports halls of these urban areas. Also, with the presence of experiented coaches with appropriate equipment, will also enhanced the level of the quality of the existing salons in deprived areas.

Abstract (74 Views)   |   Full-Text (PDF) (35 Downloads)     |   Highlights

1- Future orientations for sport tourism researches can be further focused on specific areas of tourism, such as free zones and eco-tourism.
2- Given Iran's capacity in sport tourism, it is necessary to publish more research articles in reputable foreign publications.
3- Collaborative and interdisciplinary researches with geography, environment and cultural heritage researchers can help to deepen and extend this scientific field.
4- Researches can be generalized to other provinces whose potential is still unknown from this dimension.
5- Directors of tourism in Iran can use sports and other attractions related to recreational activities for tourism development.

Abstract (8 Views)   |   Full-Text (PDF) (3 Downloads)     |   Highlights
- Considering the positive effects of moral orientation and its components on the level of performance of wrestlers, the following items are suggested:
- Managers, officials, and planners in the field of wrestling are recommended to provide a comprehensive training program for the promotion of ethics among wrestlers of different types in order to enhance their moral behaviors under the light of this program and increase their performance more than ever.
- The goals in terms  of the tasks (i e, how to set down and combining the tasks, the short- and long-term goals, assign tasks to practice and work, and finally paying attention to individuals’ differences in doing task), self-confidence, commitment, and coping stresses Individually in precise planning and in combination with modern teaching methods. Also, introducing the ones with better deontological ethics as a tenet can be useful.
- Sports psychologists should be invited to the wrestling camps for training the skills of proper dealing with opponents, control emotions, and empowering the athletes and the way to nurture these skills by psychologists periodically be reviewed to provide the context  for increasing the performance of wrestlers. It is also recommended to make an educational video that covers all educational aspects (illustration, concentration, mental practice) using various visual techniques for wrestlers.

Abstract (55 Views)   |   Full-Text (PDF) (23 Downloads)     |   Highlights

- The Fitness trainers and instructors must improve the exercise programs for diabetics not only to design specific exercises but also to minimize exercise risks.
- The promoters of PA programs such as gyms or health clubs should implement supervised exercises programs for diabetics as it can help to attract diabetics for their services.

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