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Postgraduate school of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia ,
Abstract:   (547 Views)
Background. In many countries, including Indonesia, the tendency for non-communicable diseases is increasing. Consequently, health costs must be paid by the state continues to increase as well. People's lifestyles, including due to lack of physical activity, are thought to have contributed significantly to the problem. Objectives: This study aims to examine the impact of physical activity on quality of life which is reflected in three main indicators, namely health, psychological and social aspects. Methods. The study was conducted in the city of Surabaya and its surroundings with a total of 490 participants, consisting of 245 men and 245 women with an average age of 45.4 ± 15.4 years. Data on physical activity and quality of life were collected by questionnaire and analyzed using structural equation modeling. Results. The test results of the model proved that the value of chi-square= 8.259 with p= 0.409, RMSE = .008, NFI = .992, and CFI = 1.0. This means that the model was compatible with the data. The model explained that physical activity has a significant effect on the quality of life. Conclusion. People who exercise regularly are better able to cope with stress, have a lower risk of illness, and have higher pro-social behavior. Therefore, it needs serious efforts from stakeholders, especially the government to create an ecosystem that allows the growth of movement culture in the community.
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In line with the results of this study, researchers recommend several things to the government, the community, and researchers. First, the government needs to provide adequate financial support for physical activities as a form of investment related to improving the quality of Indonesian human resources. This study has proven that physical activity carried out regularly can improve the quality of life of the culprit. Therefore, there needs to be a policy that encourages schools, government agencies, and non-governmental institutions, as well as the community to carry out physical activities regularly. Physical activity must be designed as an inexpensive activity so that the whole community can do it. In addition, program diversification needs to be done by taking into account demographic characteristics, local conditions, economic levels, and so on. Second, new awareness must be raised that physical activity is a necessity and therefore needs to be done regularly to fulfill it. The community has the right to receive sports services, including the availability of open space and sports human resources. If these rights have not been fulfilled, they need to be fought for.
Third, this research is ex post facto, in which the researcher does not give treatment to the subjects. So it cannot be ascertained that the positive impact on quality of life is solely as a result of physical activity undertaken by the subjects. Therefore, henceforth the same research needs to be done with an experimental approach. This research has succeeded in proving that physical activity has a positive impact on the psychological condition and health of the culprit, but at the same time has not succeeded in proving that sporting activities have a positive effect on social behavior. Related to this last thing, it needs to be studied further why it happened and is there something that is "wrong" in our sports. Research with a theme like this is still very rare to do, even though this needs to be done on a larger scale to provide empirical evidence as well as provide confidence to anyone, especially policymakers that sports development is an urgent matter.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Psychology and its Related Branches
Received: 2021/06/29 | Accepted: 2021/01/12

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