year 10, Issue 3 (Autumn 2022)                   Ann Appl Sport Sci 2022, 10(3): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Onagbiye S, Toriola O. Association between Selected Body Composition, Blood Pressure, and Musculoskeletal Fitness in Nigerian Children. Ann Appl Sport Sci 2022; 10 (3)
1- The Africa Unit for Transdisciplinary Health Research (AUTHeR), North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, South Africa ,
2- Prince Sultan University, Women Campus, Health and Physical Education Department, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Abstract:   (2134 Views)
Background. Evidence shows that obesity negatively influences children’s physical, physiological and musculoskeletal well-being.
Objectives. This study examined the relationship between triponderal mass index (TMI), blood pressure (BP), and musculoskeletal fitness (MSF) in a cross-sectional sample of school children in Ado-Ekiti, Southwest Nigeria.
Methods. Body weight, stature, systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP & DBP), and three components of musculoskeletal fitness, comprising sit and reach (SR), sit-up (SUP), standing broad jump (SBJ), and 20-meter shuttle runs, were assessed in 1229 (boys=483, 39.3%; girls=746, 60.7%) school children (age range: 9-13 years).
Results. A significant positive correlation was found between TMI and SBP (r= 0.182, P < 0.01), and DBP (r= 0.090, P < 0.01), while TMI and SR (r= -0.067, P < 0.05) and SBJ (r= -0.246, P < 0.01) yielded a substantial inverse relationship. Children with severe underweight were significantly less probable to perform well in SBJ (OR= 0.96, CI= 0.94; 0.99) and 20-meter shuttle run (OR= 1.39, CI= 1.22; 1.61). Childhood overweight was associated with increased SBP (OR= 1.03, CI= 1.02; 1.05) and poor SBJ (OR= 0.98, CI= 0.97; 0.99). Obese children were significantly associated with increased SBP (OR= 1.04, CI= 1.02; 1.06), poor SR (OR= 0.92, CI= 0.87; 0.98) and SBJ (OR= 0.94, CI= 0.93; 0.96) scores compared to age- and sex-specific norms.
Conclusion. Elevated BP and poor musculoskeletal fitness could adversely affect the well-being of undernourished, overweight, and obese Nigerian children. Findings implicate the need to implement dietary and physical activity intervention programs to promote desirable health-related quality of life in school-going children.
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• It is important that school feeding and physical activity programs be implemented to promote health-related quality of life in school-going children and adolescents.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Kinesiology and Sport Injuries
Received: 2021/09/11 | Accepted: 2021/11/28

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