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1- Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran , habib.akhlaghi1985@gmail.com
2- Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
Abstract:   (281 Views)
Background. Today, the necessity of studying the ethics of sport in the world of sports is obvious in national and international dimensions, especially given that in contemporary sport unfortunately ethical standards is less considered in the sports fields and is going to be weaker every day.
Objectives. The current study aimed at investigating the effect of moral orientation on the performance of wrestlers in Iran by explaining the model and providing a strategy.
Methods. The statistical population of the study included wrestlers participating in Iranian national Greco-Roman and freestyle (adults, youth, adolescents), Alich and Grapling (men and women), and Pahlavani (N = 220) wrestling teams. The current field study with descriptive-correlational design was specifically conducted based on structural equation modeling (SEM), relied on covariance. To collect data, questionnaire of moral orientation in physical education developed by Miltiadis in 2010 and the individual performance scale developed by Koopmans (2014) were used.
Results. The results showed that moral orientation had a positive and significant effect (r = 0.404, p = 0.001) on performance. Also, the components of deontological ethics, Teological ethics, and civil liability had a significant effect on the level of performance. Also, the path analysis model showed a positive and significant relationship between moral orientation (t-value = 6.04, r = 0.52).
Conclusion. Finally, it is concluded that moral orientation as one of the important criteria in the field of wrestling can have a significant effect on the performance of wrestlers and leads to an increase in their performance.
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APPLICABLE REMARKS

- Considering the positive effects of moral orientation and its components on the level of performance of wrestlers, the following items are suggested:
- Managers, officials, and planners in the field of wrestling are recommended to provide a comprehensive training program for the promotion of ethics among wrestlers of different types in order to enhance their moral behaviors under the light of this program and increase their performance more than ever.
- The goals in terms  of the tasks (i e, how to set down and combining the tasks, the short- and long-term goals, assign tasks to practice and work, and finally paying attention to individuals’ differences in doing task), self-confidence, commitment, and coping stresses Individually in precise planning and in combination with modern teaching methods. Also, introducing the ones with better deontological ethics as a tenet can be useful.
- Sports psychologists should be invited to the wrestling camps for training the skills of proper dealing with opponents, control emotions, and empowering the athletes and the way to nurture these skills by psychologists periodically be reviewed to provide the context  for increasing the performance of wrestlers. It is also recommended to make an educational video that covers all educational aspects (illustration, concentration, mental practice) using various visual techniques for wrestlers.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Sport Sociology and History
Received: 2018/12/12 | Accepted: 2019/06/17

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