year 8, Issue 2 (Summer 2020)                   Ann Appl Sport Sci 2020, 8(2): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page


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Malara M, Kęska A, Tkaczyk J, Lutosławska G. Metabolic Profile In Active Female Students Users And Non-Users Combined Oral Contraceptives. Ann Appl Sport Sci. 2020; 8 (2)
URL: http://aassjournal.com/article-1-835-en.html
1- Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland , marzena.malara@awf.edu.pl
2- Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland
Abstract:   (538 Views)
Background. There is to our knowledge metabolic changes induced by combined oral contraceptives (COC) use in regularly active females.
Objectives. Analyzing blood cortisol and other biochemical variables in active (COC) users and non-users.
Methods. A total of 123 active female students (25 COC users and 98 non-users) volunteered to participate in the study.  The COC users declared 2-3 years of using different types of combined the fourth generation COC pills. In all participants body composition, physical activity and dietary habits were determined. Circulating cortisol and insulin were determined using standard radioimmunoassay techniques. Plasma glucose and lipoproteins were determined using colorimetrical methods. To evaluate the health risk ratio of total cholesterol to HDL-cholesterol (Castelli index I) and LDL-cholesterol to HDL-cholesterol (Castelli index II)  were calculated.
Results. There were no between-group differences in body composition and dietary habits. The COC users had markedly elevated plasma cortisol (p<0.001), triacylglycerols (TG) (p<0.001), total cholesterol (TC) (p<0.002) and HDL-C (p<0.040) with no effect on glucose, LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) and TC-to HDL-C ratio. In contrast, the LDL-C to HDL-C ratio in COC users was lower vs. non-users (p<0.002). COC users were characterized by a higher frequency of elevated TC (p<0.001) and HDL-C (p<0.04). However, in all participants Castelli index I and II were within the accepted limits suggesting a low risk of cardiovascular disease.
Conclusions. In COC users regular physical activity does not prevent changes in circulating biochemical variables, however, these changes did not affect cardiovascular risk which is low and similar to that noted in active non-users.
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APPLICABLE REMARKS
The authors suggest that physical activity may be recommended for COC-users as a simple way to prevent adverse health effects.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Exercise, Training and Health
Received: 2019/12/24 | Accepted: 2020/03/15 | Published: 2020/03/18 | ePublished: 2020/03/18

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