year 5, Issue 3 (Autumn 2017)  

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Abstract (2492 Views)   |   Full-Text (PDF) (728 Downloads)     |   Highlights
 
 
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  • Athlete- sedentary, national athlete- elite athlete studies and comparison of the related SNPs in athletes from different sports types will be very informative studies in the terms of sports genomics. Therefore, future analyses of SLC2A4 polymorphisms and GLUT4 metabolism in athletes in different sports types will help to clarify the importance of the related SNPs in determining athletic performance.


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• The available data about the impact of sexual activity on athletic performance are majorly low-quality and heterogeneous data.
• Based on physiological testing results, it does not seem that having sex at least 10–12 hours before a competition has negative effects on athletic performance, provided the sexual activity of the athlete does not affect other performance-related factors such as enough sleep and adequate nutrition.
• Sexual activity immediately or a few hours before a competition may have negative psychological or physiological effects on athletic performance.


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• Injuries in professional football are a major problem to consider.
• By building up on these findings, future researchers should identify risk factors for the most prevalent injuries. Also, researches should aim at developing prevention programmes.
• Preventive programmes which are specially designed to protect the thigh, knee and groin should be developed and put into practice.


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  • Soccer coaches can implement FIFA+11 as a comprehensive warm-up to decrease injuries and to improve movement quality of players by allowing them to exercise more efficiently.
  • It is recommended that soccer coaches use screening tests like FMS besides physical fitness tests to recognize individuals who are disposed to injury.


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• Both tests showed changes during a six-week balance and strength exercise training. However, the changes were slightly but significantly higher in the SEBT compared to the YBT. Both tests can therefore be recommended for the evaluation of exercise programmes.


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• In everyday volleyball coaching women players are more sociable but less emotionally stable, so the coach should focus more on developing a good climate and cohesion of the team.
• In male volleyball teams coaches should focus more on task and maximization of individual performance and less on social context.


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  • It presents an accurate and quantitative method for the determination of sand quality used in beach soccer grounds.
  • It suggests a method for the improvement the sand quality.
  • It suggests the minimum acceptable sand quality according to the level of beach soccer matches.
  • It enables classification and standardization of beach soccer grounds in terms of sand quality, for the purpose of organizing beach soccer matches.


Abstract (1908 Views)   |   Full-Text (PDF) (338 Downloads)     |   Highlights

  
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• Match-fixing (also known as match rigging) is, alongside with recent doping scandals, one of the most serious issues of modern-day sport. The problem has reached the Olympic movement and the Paralympic Games.
• We study the possibility of match-fixing among judo wrestlers (judoka) with disabilities during the consecutive Paralympic Games from 1988 until 2016 and find no evidence of such behavior.


Abstract (3759 Views)   |   Full-Text (PDF) (595 Downloads)     |   Highlights
 
 
APPLICABLE REMARKS
• The sport managers had better must pay attention to the importance of teamwork and the use of expert and experienced human resources that are considered as knowledge assets, or the source of knowledge of each organization.
• Sport managers, undoubtedly, in order to achieve a context of both customer satisfaction and profitability should be synchronized with the updated technology so that it would be possible to immediately identify the challenges of the complex and the needs of the customer and to compensate for the correct management of the facilities.
• Sport managers can achieve more efficiency if they consider the importance of using integrated systems and standards in the organization; because these systems will reduce direct costs of operations, accelerate response time, improve productivity, improve interaction with customers, improve product quality, improve order cycle management and customer data integration, increase time management planning and ensure better management of resources and the organization. In fact, sports executives have provided the foundation for growth in their own organization, which not only addresses the issue of overseeing a better organization, but also satisfaction of customers and employees, and turning that organization into a model of superiority.


Abstract (1682 Views)   |   Full-Text (PDF) (319 Downloads)     |   Highlights
 
 
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• Establishment of strategic entrepreneurship in sports businesses results in positive consequences on the individual, organizational and social levels.
• Establishment of strategic entrepreneurship in sports businesses - at the individual level – produces achievements such as, positive individual consequences and improving managerial skills.
• Establishment of strategic entrepreneurship in sports businesses - at the organizational level –results in achievements such as, reducing uncertainty, developing innovation, sustaining success, improving work processes, customer orientation, taking advantage of opportunities and strengthening working spirit.
• Establishment of strategic entrepreneurship in sports businesses at social levels – results in achievements such as value creation, quality of life, sustainable employment, entrepreneurial institutionalization, increasing attitude towards sport, improvement of infrastructures, wealth creation.


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APPLICABLE REMARKS
• Using the concept of brand equity by Tehran Esteghlal and Persepolis Clubs creates economic value and thereby enhances profitability and revenue, increasing their share of the sales market and reducing their dependence on government budget.
• Following practices pertinent to brand equity development provides Persepolis these clubs the opportunity to increase their organizational performance by employing skilled and capable managers and therefore attract stronger sponsors by establishing more effective communication with media.
• Thinking of brand equity will allow these clubs to retain present customers, attract new customers, and create loyalty among their fans.


Abstract (1877 Views)   |   Full-Text (PDF) (461 Downloads)     |   Highlights
 
 
APPLICABLE REMARKS
• In order to motivate deserving coaches and athletes, they should be granted welfare facilities and rewards.
• To enhance the skill level of athletes, preparatory competitions and international joint camps should be held.
• To enhance the knowledge and the skill level of the country's judo athletes and coaches, some prominent foreign coaches should be invited to Iran.
• To increase the level of knowledge and skills of employees in the Judo Federation and provinces’ councils, holding certain skill-enhancement training programs is recommended.
• To improve the performance of individuals, an annual performance evaluation should be done. At the time of recruitment, aptitude and skill tests relevant to the considered duties should be conducted.



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